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Impact of the bicuspid aortic valve on aortic root haemodynamics: three-dimensional computed fluid dynamics simulation


Berdajs, Denis; Mosbahi, Selim; Eckstein, Friedrich S; Charbonnier, Dominique; Ferrari, Enrico; von Segesser, Ludwig K (2018). Impact of the bicuspid aortic valve on aortic root haemodynamics: three-dimensional computed fluid dynamics simulation. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 27(3):446-454.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
The aim was to evaluate the impact of a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) on local shear stress and on the pressure profile on the elements of the aortic root (AoR).
METHODS
The experiment setup included a BAV with aortic valve stenosis (n = 5 pigs, 67 ± 3.5 kg) and insufficiency (n = 5 pigs, 66.7 ± 4.4 kg). By implanting 6 high-fidelity microsonometric crystals in each AoR, we determined the 3-dimensional (3D) geometry of the AoR. Experimental and geometric data were used to create a 3D time- and pressure-dependent computed fluid dynamic model of the AoR with the BAV.
RESULTS
3D AoR geometry was determined by AoR tilt (α) and rotation angle (β). Both values were maximal at the end of diastole: 24.41 ± 1.70° (α) and 20.90 ± 2.11° (β) for BAV with stenosis and 31.92 ± 11.51° (α) and 20.84 ± 9.80° (β) for BAV with insufficiency and minimal at peak ejection 23.42 ± 1.65° (α), 20.38 ± 1.61° (β) for stenosis and 26.62 ± 7.86° (α), 19.79 ± 8.45° (β) for insufficiency. In insufficiency, low shear stress of 0-0.08 Pa and moderate pressure (60-80 mmHg) were present. In BAV with stenosis, low shear stress of 0-0.5 Pa and moderate pressure (0-20 mmHg) were present at diastole; at peak ejection high shear stress >2 Pa and elevated pressure of >80 mmHg were present.
CONCLUSIONS
In a BAV with aortic valve stenosis, the haemodynamics are less favourable. The elevated pressure with elevated shear stress may over the long term promote degenerative processes in the leaflets and consequently valve function failure.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
The aim was to evaluate the impact of a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) on local shear stress and on the pressure profile on the elements of the aortic root (AoR).
METHODS
The experiment setup included a BAV with aortic valve stenosis (n = 5 pigs, 67 ± 3.5 kg) and insufficiency (n = 5 pigs, 66.7 ± 4.4 kg). By implanting 6 high-fidelity microsonometric crystals in each AoR, we determined the 3-dimensional (3D) geometry of the AoR. Experimental and geometric data were used to create a 3D time- and pressure-dependent computed fluid dynamic model of the AoR with the BAV.
RESULTS
3D AoR geometry was determined by AoR tilt (α) and rotation angle (β). Both values were maximal at the end of diastole: 24.41 ± 1.70° (α) and 20.90 ± 2.11° (β) for BAV with stenosis and 31.92 ± 11.51° (α) and 20.84 ± 9.80° (β) for BAV with insufficiency and minimal at peak ejection 23.42 ± 1.65° (α), 20.38 ± 1.61° (β) for stenosis and 26.62 ± 7.86° (α), 19.79 ± 8.45° (β) for insufficiency. In insufficiency, low shear stress of 0-0.08 Pa and moderate pressure (60-80 mmHg) were present. In BAV with stenosis, low shear stress of 0-0.5 Pa and moderate pressure (0-20 mmHg) were present at diastole; at peak ejection high shear stress >2 Pa and elevated pressure of >80 mmHg were present.
CONCLUSIONS
In a BAV with aortic valve stenosis, the haemodynamics are less favourable. The elevated pressure with elevated shear stress may over the long term promote degenerative processes in the leaflets and consequently valve function failure.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 2018
Deposited On:19 Feb 2019 13:33
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:54
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1569-9285
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy044
PubMed ID:29579303

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