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Impact of aortic root annuloplasty on 3D aortic root geometry


Berdajs, Denis; Mosbahi, Selim; Eckstein, Friedrich; Reuthebuch, Oliver; Grapow, Martin; Ferrari, Enrico; von Segesser, Ludwig K (2018). Impact of aortic root annuloplasty on 3D aortic root geometry. Journal of Surgical Research, 225:45-53.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The aim was to evaluate the impact of aortic root (AoR) annuloplasty on 3D AoR deformation.
METHODS
In experimental setup, Yacoub procedure and Yacoub with annuloplasty were performed. Results were compared to native AoR. In each AoR modality, six microsonometric (2 mm, 200 Hz) crystals were implanted at the sinotubular junction (STJ) and at the AoR base (AoB). 3D deformation of the AoR was determined by AoR tilt (α) and rotation (β) angle changes.
RESULTS
Tilt angle in Yacoub AoR with annuloplasty and in Yacoub AoR was maximal at ejection, 26.71 ± 0.18° and 24.91 ± 0.13°, respectively, and minimal at diastole, 25.34 ± 0.15° and 21.90 ± 0.15°, respectively. Rotation angle in Yacoub AoR with and without annuloplasty was maximal at ejection, 27.04 ± 0.25° and 23.53 ± 0.54°, respectively, and minimal at diastole, 24.84 ± 0.14° and 21.62 ± 0.16°, respectively. In native AoR, tilt angle and rotation were minimal at ejection, 14.34 ± 0.81° and 18.1 ± 3.20°, respectively, and maximal at diastole, 18.78 ± 0.84° and 21.23 ± 021°, respectively. AoB and STJ had maximal expansion at ejection; 2.59 ± 2.40% and 6.05 ± 0.66 for Yacoub and 3.75 ± 0.66% and 3.08 ± 0.24% for Yacoub with annuloplasty. In native AoR, the expansion at ejection for AoB was 7.13 ± 2.68% and for STJ was 16.42 ± 0.63%.
CONCLUSIONS
AoB annuloplasty reduces AoB deformation and has an impact on STJ dynamics. In both the Yacoub AoR modalities, during ejection, the AoR takes on more of a cone-like geometry, whereas in native AoR, it is of a cylinder-like shape.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The aim was to evaluate the impact of aortic root (AoR) annuloplasty on 3D AoR deformation.
METHODS
In experimental setup, Yacoub procedure and Yacoub with annuloplasty were performed. Results were compared to native AoR. In each AoR modality, six microsonometric (2 mm, 200 Hz) crystals were implanted at the sinotubular junction (STJ) and at the AoR base (AoB). 3D deformation of the AoR was determined by AoR tilt (α) and rotation (β) angle changes.
RESULTS
Tilt angle in Yacoub AoR with annuloplasty and in Yacoub AoR was maximal at ejection, 26.71 ± 0.18° and 24.91 ± 0.13°, respectively, and minimal at diastole, 25.34 ± 0.15° and 21.90 ± 0.15°, respectively. Rotation angle in Yacoub AoR with and without annuloplasty was maximal at ejection, 27.04 ± 0.25° and 23.53 ± 0.54°, respectively, and minimal at diastole, 24.84 ± 0.14° and 21.62 ± 0.16°, respectively. In native AoR, tilt angle and rotation were minimal at ejection, 14.34 ± 0.81° and 18.1 ± 3.20°, respectively, and maximal at diastole, 18.78 ± 0.84° and 21.23 ± 021°, respectively. AoB and STJ had maximal expansion at ejection; 2.59 ± 2.40% and 6.05 ± 0.66 for Yacoub and 3.75 ± 0.66% and 3.08 ± 0.24% for Yacoub with annuloplasty. In native AoR, the expansion at ejection for AoB was 7.13 ± 2.68% and for STJ was 16.42 ± 0.63%.
CONCLUSIONS
AoB annuloplasty reduces AoB deformation and has an impact on STJ dynamics. In both the Yacoub AoR modalities, during ejection, the AoR takes on more of a cone-like geometry, whereas in native AoR, it is of a cylinder-like shape.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2018
Deposited On:19 Feb 2019 14:24
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:54
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-4804
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2017.12.021
PubMed ID:29605034

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