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ALDH1A3 Is the Key Isoform That Contributes to Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity and Affects Proliferation in Cardiac Atrial Appendage Progenitor Cells


Puttini, Stefania; Plaisance, Isabelle; Barile, Lucio; Cervio, Elisabetta; Milano, Giuseppina; Marcato, Paola; Pedrazzini, Thierry; Vassalli, Giuseppe (2018). ALDH1A3 Is the Key Isoform That Contributes to Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity and Affects Proliferation in Cardiac Atrial Appendage Progenitor Cells. Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, 5:90.

Abstract

High aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity has been reported in normal and cancer stem cells. We and others have shown previously that human ALDH cardiac atrial appendage cells are enriched with stem/progenitor cells. The role of ALDH in these cells is poorly understood but it may come down to the specific ALDH isoform(s) expressed. This study aimed to compare ALDH and ALDH atrial cells and to identify the isoform(s) that contribute to ALDH activity, and their functional role. Cells were isolated from atrial appendage specimens from patients with ischemic and/or valvular heart disease undergoing heart surgery. ALDH activity assessed with the Aldefluor reagent coincided with primitive surface marker expression (CD34). Depending on their ALDH activity, RT-PCR analysis of ALDH and ALDH cells demonstrated a differential pattern of pluripotency genes (Oct 4, Nanog) and genes for more established cardiac lineages (Nkx2.5, Tbx5, Mef2c, GATA4). ALDH cells, but not ALDH cells, formed clones and were culture-expanded. When cultured under cardiac differentiation conditions, ALDH cells gave rise to a higher number of cardiomyocytes compared with ALDH cells. Among 19 ALDH isoforms known in human, ALDH1A3 was most highly expressed in ALDH atrial cells. Knocking down ALDH1A3, but not ALDH1A1, ALDH1A2, ALDH2, ALDH4A1, or ALDH8A1 using siRNA decreased ALDH activity and cell proliferation in ALDH cells. Conversely, overexpressing ALDH1A3 with a retroviral vector increased proliferation in ALDH cells. ALDH1A3 is the key isoform responsible for ALDH activity in ALDH atrial appendage cells, which have a propensity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. ALDH1A3 affects proliferation of these cells.

Abstract

High aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity has been reported in normal and cancer stem cells. We and others have shown previously that human ALDH cardiac atrial appendage cells are enriched with stem/progenitor cells. The role of ALDH in these cells is poorly understood but it may come down to the specific ALDH isoform(s) expressed. This study aimed to compare ALDH and ALDH atrial cells and to identify the isoform(s) that contribute to ALDH activity, and their functional role. Cells were isolated from atrial appendage specimens from patients with ischemic and/or valvular heart disease undergoing heart surgery. ALDH activity assessed with the Aldefluor reagent coincided with primitive surface marker expression (CD34). Depending on their ALDH activity, RT-PCR analysis of ALDH and ALDH cells demonstrated a differential pattern of pluripotency genes (Oct 4, Nanog) and genes for more established cardiac lineages (Nkx2.5, Tbx5, Mef2c, GATA4). ALDH cells, but not ALDH cells, formed clones and were culture-expanded. When cultured under cardiac differentiation conditions, ALDH cells gave rise to a higher number of cardiomyocytes compared with ALDH cells. Among 19 ALDH isoforms known in human, ALDH1A3 was most highly expressed in ALDH atrial cells. Knocking down ALDH1A3, but not ALDH1A1, ALDH1A2, ALDH2, ALDH4A1, or ALDH8A1 using siRNA decreased ALDH activity and cell proliferation in ALDH cells. Conversely, overexpressing ALDH1A3 with a retroviral vector increased proliferation in ALDH cells. ALDH1A3 is the key isoform responsible for ALDH activity in ALDH atrial appendage cells, which have a propensity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. ALDH1A3 affects proliferation of these cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:24 July 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 09:46
Last Modified:22 Feb 2019 09:48
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:2297-055X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2018.00090
PubMed ID:30087899

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