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Effect of hepatitis B virus on steatosis in hepatitis C virus co-infected subjects: A multi-centre study and systematic review


Goossens, N; de Vito, C; Mangia, A; Clément, S; Cenderello, G; Barrera, F; D'Ambrosio, R; Coppola, N; Zampino, R; Stanzione, M; Adinolfi, L E; Wedemeyer, H; Semmo, N; Müllhaupt, B; Semela, D; Malinverni, R; Moradpour, D; Heim, M; Trincucci, G; Rubbia-Brandt, L; Negro, F; BOSTIC Study Group, (2018). Effect of hepatitis B virus on steatosis in hepatitis C virus co-infected subjects: A multi-centre study and systematic review. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 25(8):920-929.

Abstract

It remains unclear whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may modify the severity of viral steatosis in patients coinfected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). We examined the influence of coinfection with HBV on prevalence of steatosis in chronic hepatitis C in a multi-centre cohort of HBV-HCV subjects, and by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. We centrally and blindly assessed steatosis prevalence and severity in a cohort of HBV-HCV coinfected subjects compared to HCV and HBV monoinfected controls and we performed a systematic review of studies addressing the prevalence of steatosis in HBV-HCV subjects compared to HCV controls. In the clinical cohort, we included 85 HBV-HCV, 69 HBV and 112 HCV subjects from 16 international centres. There was no significant difference in steatosis prevalence between the HBV-HCV and the HCV groups (33% vs 45%, P = .11). In subgroup analysis, lean HBV-HCV subjects with detectable HBV DNA had less steatosis than lean HCV subjects matched for HCV viremia (15% vs 45%, P = .02). Our literature search identified 5 additional studies included in a systematic review. Overall, prevalence of steatosis > 5% was similar in HBV-HCV infection compared to HCV (pooled odds ratio [OR] 0.91, 95% CI 0.53-1.6) although there was significant heterogeneity (I 69%, P = .007). In conclusion, although the prevalence of steatosis is similar in HBV-HCV compared to HCV subjects, our analysis suggests that there may be an inhibitory effect of HCV-induced steatogenesis by HBV in certain subgroups of patients.

Abstract

It remains unclear whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may modify the severity of viral steatosis in patients coinfected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV). We examined the influence of coinfection with HBV on prevalence of steatosis in chronic hepatitis C in a multi-centre cohort of HBV-HCV subjects, and by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. We centrally and blindly assessed steatosis prevalence and severity in a cohort of HBV-HCV coinfected subjects compared to HCV and HBV monoinfected controls and we performed a systematic review of studies addressing the prevalence of steatosis in HBV-HCV subjects compared to HCV controls. In the clinical cohort, we included 85 HBV-HCV, 69 HBV and 112 HCV subjects from 16 international centres. There was no significant difference in steatosis prevalence between the HBV-HCV and the HCV groups (33% vs 45%, P = .11). In subgroup analysis, lean HBV-HCV subjects with detectable HBV DNA had less steatosis than lean HCV subjects matched for HCV viremia (15% vs 45%, P = .02). Our literature search identified 5 additional studies included in a systematic review. Overall, prevalence of steatosis > 5% was similar in HBV-HCV infection compared to HCV (pooled odds ratio [OR] 0.91, 95% CI 0.53-1.6) although there was significant heterogeneity (I 69%, P = .007). In conclusion, although the prevalence of steatosis is similar in HBV-HCV compared to HCV subjects, our analysis suggests that there may be an inhibitory effect of HCV-induced steatogenesis by HBV in certain subgroups of patients.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2018
Deposited On:06 Dec 2018 14:30
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:55
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1352-0504
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jvh.12891
PubMed ID:29532619

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