Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) experience a diverse spectrum of motions that are difficult to characterize with a single experimental technique. Herein we combine high- and low-field nuclear spin relaxation, nanosecond fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (nsFCS), and long molecular dynamics simulations of alpha-synuclein, an IDP involved in Parkinson disease, to obtain a comprehensive picture of its conformational dynamics. The combined analysis shows that fast motions below 2 ns caused by local dihedral angle fluctuations and conformational sampling within and between Ramachandran substates decorrelate most of the backbone N-H orientational memory. However, slow motions with correlation times of up to ca. 13 ns from segmental dynamics are present throughout the alpha-synuclein chain, in particular in its C-terminal domain, and global chain reconfiguration occurs on a timescale of ca. 60 ns. Our study demonstrates a powerful strategy to determine residue-specific protein dynamics in IDPs at different time and length scales.