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Transition path times of coupled folding and binding reveal the formation of an encounter complex


Sturzenegger, Flurin; Zosel, Franziska; Holmstrom, Erik D; Buholzer, Karin J; Makarov, Dmitrii E; Nettels, Daniel; Schuler, Benjamin (2018). Transition path times of coupled folding and binding reveal the formation of an encounter complex. Nature Communications, 9:4708.

Abstract

The association of biomolecules is the elementary event of communication in biology. Most mechanistic information of how the interactions between binding partners form or break is, however, hidden in the transition paths, the very short parts of the molecular trajectories from the encounter of the two molecules to the formation of a stable complex. Here we use single-molecule spectroscopy to measure the transition path times for the association of two intrinsically disordered proteins that form a folded dimer upon binding. The results reveal the formation of a metastable encounter complex that is electrostatically favored and transits to the final bound state within tens of microseconds. Such measurements thus open a new window into the microscopic events governing biomolecular interactions.

Abstract

The association of biomolecules is the elementary event of communication in biology. Most mechanistic information of how the interactions between binding partners form or break is, however, hidden in the transition paths, the very short parts of the molecular trajectories from the encounter of the two molecules to the formation of a stable complex. Here we use single-molecule spectroscopy to measure the transition path times for the association of two intrinsically disordered proteins that form a folded dimer upon binding. The results reveal the formation of a metastable encounter complex that is electrostatically favored and transits to the final bound state within tens of microseconds. Such measurements thus open a new window into the microscopic events governing biomolecular interactions.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:9 November 2018
Deposited On:07 Dec 2018 14:15
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 23:55
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07043-x
PubMed ID:30413694

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