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Prognostic value of unifocal and multifocal positive surgical margins in a large series of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer


Keller, Etienne Xavier; Bachofner, Jacqueline; Britschgi, Anna Jelena; Saba, Karim; Mortezavi, Ashkan; Kaufmann, Basil; Fankhauser, Christian D; Wild, Peter; Sulser, Tullio; Hermanns, Thomas; Eberli, Daniel; Poyet, Cédric (2019). Prognostic value of unifocal and multifocal positive surgical margins in a large series of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. World Journal of Urology, 37(9):1837-1844.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate the prognostic value of positive surgical margins (PSM) focality for the prediction of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer.
METHODS All men with clinically localized prostate cancer undergoing RARP in our tertiary referral centre between May 2005 and August 2016 were retrospectively identified. Patients with neoadjuvant therapy were excluded. Comparisons were made between cases with negative surgical margins (NSM), unifocal PSM (uPSM), and multifocal PSM (mPSM).
RESULTS From a total of 973 patients available for analysis, 315 (32%) had a PSM. In these patients, 190 had uPSM and 125 had mPSM. Focality of PSM was significantly associated with tumour stage and grade, preoperative PSA, and postoperative PSA persistence (all p < 0.001), but not with nerve sparing (NS) (p = 0.15). PSA persistence was found in 120 (12%) patients, resulting in 853 patients available for survival analyses with a median follow-up of 52 months. Both uPSM and mPSM were found to be independent predictors of BCR, conferring a hazard ratio of 1.9 (95% CI 1.3-3.0; p = 0.002) and 3.4 (95% CI 2.1-5.6; p < 0.001), respectively, when compared to NSM. In subgroup analyses, PSM was particularly predictive for BCR when patients underwent unilateral or bilateral NS (p ≤ 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS Based on a large case series of RARP, we found PSM focality to be an independent predictor of BCR, with a 1.9- and 3.4-fold risk increase for BCR in case of uPSM and mPSM, respectively. PSM seems to be of particular prognostic relevance when NS has been performed.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate the prognostic value of positive surgical margins (PSM) focality for the prediction of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients undergoing robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for prostate cancer.
METHODS All men with clinically localized prostate cancer undergoing RARP in our tertiary referral centre between May 2005 and August 2016 were retrospectively identified. Patients with neoadjuvant therapy were excluded. Comparisons were made between cases with negative surgical margins (NSM), unifocal PSM (uPSM), and multifocal PSM (mPSM).
RESULTS From a total of 973 patients available for analysis, 315 (32%) had a PSM. In these patients, 190 had uPSM and 125 had mPSM. Focality of PSM was significantly associated with tumour stage and grade, preoperative PSA, and postoperative PSA persistence (all p < 0.001), but not with nerve sparing (NS) (p = 0.15). PSA persistence was found in 120 (12%) patients, resulting in 853 patients available for survival analyses with a median follow-up of 52 months. Both uPSM and mPSM were found to be independent predictors of BCR, conferring a hazard ratio of 1.9 (95% CI 1.3-3.0; p = 0.002) and 3.4 (95% CI 2.1-5.6; p < 0.001), respectively, when compared to NSM. In subgroup analyses, PSM was particularly predictive for BCR when patients underwent unilateral or bilateral NS (p ≤ 0.003).
CONCLUSIONS Based on a large case series of RARP, we found PSM focality to be an independent predictor of BCR, with a 1.9- and 3.4-fold risk increase for BCR in case of uPSM and mPSM, respectively. PSM seems to be of particular prognostic relevance when NS has been performed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Urology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2019
Deposited On:14 Dec 2018 07:02
Last Modified:15 Apr 2020 22:01
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0724-4983
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-018-2578-y
PubMed ID:30519744

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