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Bacterial leakage and bending moments of screw-retained, composite-veneered PEEK implant crowns


Wachtel, Andreas; Zimmermann, Tycho; Sütel, Mona; Adali, Ufuk; Abou-Emara, Mohamad; Müller, Wolf-Dieter; Mühlemann, Sven; Schwitalla, Andreas Dominik (2019). Bacterial leakage and bending moments of screw-retained, composite-veneered PEEK implant crowns. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 91:32-37.

Abstract

Due to its elastic modulus close to bone, the high-performance material PEEK (polyetheretherketone) represents an interesting material for implant-supported dental prostheses. Besides a damping effect of masticatory forces, it might have a sealing effect against bacterial leakage of the implant-abutment interface (IAI). So far, PEEK has only been used for provisional implant crowns. Therefore, the aim of the study was the evaluation of the bacterial tightness of screw-retained PEEK crowns on titanium implants with conical IAI during masticatory simulation and subsequent bending moment testing. Ten screw-retained implant crowns in the shape of an upper central incisor consisting of a PEEK crown framework veneered with composite were connected to NobelActive RP titanium implants (4.3 × 11.5 mm, Nobel Biocare AB, Göteborg, Sweden) with a tightening torque of 15 Ncm. Prior to tightening, the interior of the implant was inoculated with a bacterial suspension of Enterococcus faecium. The specimens were overmolded with indicating agar (Kanamycin-Aesculin-Azid-Agar (KAAA), Oxoid Limited, Basingstoke United Kingdom), that turns black in contact with E. faecium. The specimens were subjected to a cyclic masticatory simulation whereby a force of 50 N cm was applied at an angle of 30° to the implant axis for 1.2 million cycles. Afterwards, the specimens were subjected to a static loading test according to ISO 14801:2007 to determine the bending moment. During masticatory simulation neither a loosening of the implant screws nor any damage to the veneer or the PEEK framework occurred. Furthermore, no bacterial leakage could be observed in any of the specimens. The average maximum bending moment was measured at 352.13 ± 48.96 N cm. Regarding masticatory forces, PEEK implant crowns seem to be applicable as definitive implant-supported restorations. Furthermore, the bacterial tightness of the IAI of screw-retained one-piece PEEK implant crowns is advantageous compared to superstructures of conventional materials. Further studies are necessary to substantiate the clinical significance of these findings.

Abstract

Due to its elastic modulus close to bone, the high-performance material PEEK (polyetheretherketone) represents an interesting material for implant-supported dental prostheses. Besides a damping effect of masticatory forces, it might have a sealing effect against bacterial leakage of the implant-abutment interface (IAI). So far, PEEK has only been used for provisional implant crowns. Therefore, the aim of the study was the evaluation of the bacterial tightness of screw-retained PEEK crowns on titanium implants with conical IAI during masticatory simulation and subsequent bending moment testing. Ten screw-retained implant crowns in the shape of an upper central incisor consisting of a PEEK crown framework veneered with composite were connected to NobelActive RP titanium implants (4.3 × 11.5 mm, Nobel Biocare AB, Göteborg, Sweden) with a tightening torque of 15 Ncm. Prior to tightening, the interior of the implant was inoculated with a bacterial suspension of Enterococcus faecium. The specimens were overmolded with indicating agar (Kanamycin-Aesculin-Azid-Agar (KAAA), Oxoid Limited, Basingstoke United Kingdom), that turns black in contact with E. faecium. The specimens were subjected to a cyclic masticatory simulation whereby a force of 50 N cm was applied at an angle of 30° to the implant axis for 1.2 million cycles. Afterwards, the specimens were subjected to a static loading test according to ISO 14801:2007 to determine the bending moment. During masticatory simulation neither a loosening of the implant screws nor any damage to the veneer or the PEEK framework occurred. Furthermore, no bacterial leakage could be observed in any of the specimens. The average maximum bending moment was measured at 352.13 ± 48.96 N cm. Regarding masticatory forces, PEEK implant crowns seem to be applicable as definitive implant-supported restorations. Furthermore, the bacterial tightness of the IAI of screw-retained one-piece PEEK implant crowns is advantageous compared to superstructures of conventional materials. Further studies are necessary to substantiate the clinical significance of these findings.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mechanics of Materials, Biomaterials, Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:1 March 2019
Deposited On:14 Dec 2018 11:04
Last Modified:28 Feb 2019 08:34
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1751-6161
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.11.027
PubMed ID:30529984

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