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Effective field theory after a new-physics discovery


Alte, Stefan; König, Matthias; Neubert, Matthias (2018). Effective field theory after a new-physics discovery. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2018(8):95.

Abstract

When a new heavy particle is discovered at the LHC or at a future high-energy collider, it will be interesting to study its decays into Standard Model particles using an effective field-theory framework. We point out that the proper effective theory must be based on non-local operators defined in soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). For the interesting case where the new resonance is a gauge-singlet spin-0 boson, which is the first member of a new sector governed by a mass scale M , we show how a consistent scale separation between M and the electroweak scale v is achieved up to next-to-next-to-leading order in the expansion parameter λ ∼ v/M . The Wilson coefficients in the effective Lagrangian depend in a non-trivial way on the mass of the new resonance and the masses of yet undiscovered heavy particles. Large logarithms of the ratio M/v can be systematically resummed using the renormalization group. We develop a SCET toolbox, with which it is straightforward to construct the relevant effective Lagrangians for new heavy particles with other charges and spin.

Abstract

When a new heavy particle is discovered at the LHC or at a future high-energy collider, it will be interesting to study its decays into Standard Model particles using an effective field-theory framework. We point out that the proper effective theory must be based on non-local operators defined in soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). For the interesting case where the new resonance is a gauge-singlet spin-0 boson, which is the first member of a new sector governed by a mass scale M , we show how a consistent scale separation between M and the electroweak scale v is achieved up to next-to-next-to-leading order in the expansion parameter λ ∼ v/M . The Wilson coefficients in the effective Lagrangian depend in a non-trivial way on the mass of the new resonance and the masses of yet undiscovered heavy particles. Large logarithms of the ratio M/v can be systematically resummed using the renormalization group. We develop a SCET toolbox, with which it is straightforward to construct the relevant effective Lagrangians for new heavy particles with other charges and spin.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Language:English
Date:1 August 2018
Deposited On:20 Dec 2018 12:26
Last Modified:15 Apr 2020 22:07
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1029-8479
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep08(2018)095

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