Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Neoadjuvant rectal score as individual-level surrogate for disease-free survival in rectal cancer in the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 randomized phase III trial


Fokas, E; Fietkau, R; Hartmann, A; Hohenberger, W; Grützmann, R; Ghadimi, M; Liersch, T; Ströbel, P; Grabenbauer, G G; Graeven, U; Hofheinz, R-D; Köhne, C-H; Wittekind, C; Sauer, R; Kaufmann, Marco; Hothorn, Torsten; Rödel, C (2018). Neoadjuvant rectal score as individual-level surrogate for disease-free survival in rectal cancer in the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 randomized phase III trial. Annals of Oncology, 29(7):1521-1527.

Abstract

Background Surrogate end points in rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation are lacking as their statistical validation poses major challenges, including confirmation based on large phase III trials. We examined the prognostic role and individual-level surrogacy of neoadjuvant rectal (NAR) score that incorporates weighted cT, ypT and ypN categories for disease-free survival (DFS) in 1191 patients with rectal carcinoma treated within the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 phase III trial. Patients and methods Cox regression models adjusted for treatment arm, resection status, and NAR score were used in multivariable analysis. The four Prentice criteria (PC1-4) were used to assess individual-level surrogacy of NAR for DFS. Results After a median follow-up of 50 months, the addition of oxaliplatin to fluorouracil-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) significantly improved 3-year DFS [75.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 72.30% to 79.50%) versus 71.3% (95% CI 67.60% to 74.90%); P = 0.034; PC 1) and resulted in a shift toward lower NAR groups (P = 0.034, PC 2) compared with fluorouracil-only CRT. The 3-year DFS was 91.7% (95% CI 88.2% to 95.2%), 81.8% (95% CI 78.4% to 85.1%), and 58.1% (95% CI 52.4% to 63.9%) for low, intermediate, and high NAR score, respectively (P < 0.001; PC 3). NAR score remained an independent prognostic factor for DFS [low versus high NAR: hazard ratio (HR) 4.670; 95% CI 3.106-7.020; P < 0.001; low versus intermediate NAR: HR 1.971; 95% CI 1.303-2.98; P = 0.001] in multivariable analysis. Notwithstanding the inherent methodological difficulty in interpretation of PC 4 to establish surrogacy, the treatment effect on DFS was captured by NAR, supporting satisfaction of individual-level PC 4. Conclusion Our study validates the prognostic role and individual-level surrogacy of NAR score for DFS within a large randomized phase III trial. NAR score could help oncologists to speed up response-adapted therapeutic decision, and further large phase III trial data sets should aim to confirm trial-level surrogacy.

Abstract

Background Surrogate end points in rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation are lacking as their statistical validation poses major challenges, including confirmation based on large phase III trials. We examined the prognostic role and individual-level surrogacy of neoadjuvant rectal (NAR) score that incorporates weighted cT, ypT and ypN categories for disease-free survival (DFS) in 1191 patients with rectal carcinoma treated within the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 phase III trial. Patients and methods Cox regression models adjusted for treatment arm, resection status, and NAR score were used in multivariable analysis. The four Prentice criteria (PC1-4) were used to assess individual-level surrogacy of NAR for DFS. Results After a median follow-up of 50 months, the addition of oxaliplatin to fluorouracil-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) significantly improved 3-year DFS [75.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 72.30% to 79.50%) versus 71.3% (95% CI 67.60% to 74.90%); P = 0.034; PC 1) and resulted in a shift toward lower NAR groups (P = 0.034, PC 2) compared with fluorouracil-only CRT. The 3-year DFS was 91.7% (95% CI 88.2% to 95.2%), 81.8% (95% CI 78.4% to 85.1%), and 58.1% (95% CI 52.4% to 63.9%) for low, intermediate, and high NAR score, respectively (P < 0.001; PC 3). NAR score remained an independent prognostic factor for DFS [low versus high NAR: hazard ratio (HR) 4.670; 95% CI 3.106-7.020; P < 0.001; low versus intermediate NAR: HR 1.971; 95% CI 1.303-2.98; P = 0.001] in multivariable analysis. Notwithstanding the inherent methodological difficulty in interpretation of PC 4 to establish surrogacy, the treatment effect on DFS was captured by NAR, supporting satisfaction of individual-level PC 4. Conclusion Our study validates the prognostic role and individual-level surrogacy of NAR score for DFS within a large randomized phase III trial. NAR score could help oncologists to speed up response-adapted therapeutic decision, and further large phase III trial data sets should aim to confirm trial-level surrogacy.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
29 citations in Web of Science®
26 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

42 downloads since deposited on 04 Jan 2019
29 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Contributors:German Rectal Cancer Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Hematology
Health Sciences > Oncology
Language:English
Date:1 July 2018
Deposited On:04 Jan 2019 14:39
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 08:36
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0923-7534
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdy143
PubMed ID:29718095

Download

Hybrid Open Access

Download PDF  'Neoadjuvant rectal score as individual-level surrogate for disease-free survival in rectal cancer in the CAO/ARO/AIO-04 randomized phase III trial'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 621kB
View at publisher