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Observation of the $Z\to\psi\ell⁺\ell⁻$ decay in pp collisions at $\sqrt s$ = 13 TeV


Abstract

This Letter presents the observation of the rare Z boson decay Z→ψℓ+ℓ−. Here, ψ represents contributions from direct J/ψ and ψ(2S)→J/ψX, ℓ+ℓ− is a pair of electrons or muons, and the J/ψ meson is detected via its decay to μ+μ−. The sample of proton-proton collision data, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb−1. The signal is observed with a significance in excess of 5 standard deviations. After subtraction of the ψ(2S)→J/ψX contribution, the ratio of the branching fraction of the exclusive decay Z→J/ψℓ+ℓ− to the decay Z→μ+μ−μ+μ− within a fiducial phase space is measured to be B(Z→J/ψℓ+ℓ−)/B(Z→μ+μ−μ+μ−)=0.67±0.18(stat)±0.05(syst).

Abstract

This Letter presents the observation of the rare Z boson decay Z→ψℓ+ℓ−. Here, ψ represents contributions from direct J/ψ and ψ(2S)→J/ψX, ℓ+ℓ− is a pair of electrons or muons, and the J/ψ meson is detected via its decay to μ+μ−. The sample of proton-proton collision data, collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb−1. The signal is observed with a significance in excess of 5 standard deviations. After subtraction of the ψ(2S)→J/ψX contribution, the ratio of the branching fraction of the exclusive decay Z→J/ψℓ+ℓ− to the decay Z→μ+μ−μ+μ− within a fiducial phase space is measured to be B(Z→J/ψℓ+ℓ−)/B(Z→μ+μ−μ+μ−)=0.67±0.18(stat)±0.05(syst).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:19 Feb 2019 10:25
Last Modified:08 Mar 2019 11:19
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.141801

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