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Evidence for the rare decay $\Sigma^+\to p \mu^+ \mu^-$


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2018). Evidence for the rare decay $\Sigma^+\to p \mu^+ \mu^-$. Physical Review Letters, 120(22):221803.

Abstract

A search for the rare decay Σ+→pμ+μ− is performed using pp collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies √s=7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. An excess of events is observed with respect to the background expectation, with a signal significance of 4.1 standard deviations. No significant structure is observed in the dimuon invariant mass distribution, in contrast with a previous result from the HyperCP experiment. The measured Σ+→pμ+μ− branching fraction is (2.2+1.8−1.3)×10−8, where statistical and systematic uncertainties are included, which is consistent with the standard model prediction.

Abstract

A search for the rare decay Σ+→pμ+μ− is performed using pp collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies √s=7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. An excess of events is observed with respect to the background expectation, with a signal significance of 4.1 standard deviations. No significant structure is observed in the dimuon invariant mass distribution, in contrast with a previous result from the HyperCP experiment. The measured Σ+→pμ+μ− branching fraction is (2.2+1.8−1.3)×10−8, where statistical and systematic uncertainties are included, which is consistent with the standard model prediction.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:07 Mar 2019 13:30
Last Modified:07 Mar 2019 13:40
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.221803

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