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Test of Lepton Flavor Universality by the measurement of the $B^0 \to D^{*-} \tau^+ ν_\tau$ branching fraction using three-prong $\tau$ decays


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2018). Test of Lepton Flavor Universality by the measurement of the $B^0 \to D^{*-} \tau^+ ν_\tau$ branching fraction using three-prong $\tau$ decays. Physical Review. D, Particles, fields, gravitation and cosmology, D97(7):072013.

Abstract

The ratio of branching fractions R(D*−)≡B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D*−π+π−π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−π+π−π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)%, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D*−π+π−π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) to compute R(D*−)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D*−π+π−π+) and B(B0→D*−μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.

Abstract

The ratio of branching fractions R(D*−)≡B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. The τ lepton is reconstructed with three charged pions in the final state. A novel method is used that exploits the different vertex topologies of signal and backgrounds to isolate samples of semitauonic decays of b hadrons with high purity. Using the B0→D*−π+π−π+ decay as the normalization channel, the ratio B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−π+π−π+) is measured to be 1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. An average of branching fraction measurements for the normalization channel is used to derive B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)%, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of B(B0→D*−π+π−π+). A test of lepton flavor universality is performed using the well-measured branching fraction B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) to compute R(D*−)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013, where the third uncertainty originates from the uncertainties on B(B0→D*−π+π−π+) and B(B0→D*−μ+νμ). This measurement is in agreement with the Standard Model prediction and with previous measurements.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:19 Feb 2019 13:22
Last Modified:17 Mar 2019 06:49
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1550-7998
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.97.072013

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