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Measurement of the ratio of the $B^0 \to D^{*-} \tau^+ \nu_\tau$ and $B^0 \to D^{*-} \mu^+ \nu_\mu$ branching fractions using three-prong $\tau$-lepton decays


LHCb Collaboration; Bernet, R; Müller, K; Serra, N; Steinkamp, O; Straumann, U; Vollhardt, A; et al (2018). Measurement of the ratio of the $B^0 \to D^{*-} \tau^+ \nu_\tau$ and $B^0 \to D^{*-} \mu^+ \nu_\mu$ branching fractions using three-prong $\tau$-lepton decays. Physical Review Letters, 120(17):171802.

Abstract

The ratio of branching fractions R(D*−)≡B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. For the first time, R(D*−) is determined using the τ-lepton decays with three charged pions in the final state. The B0→D*−τ+ντ yield is normalized to that of the B0→D*−π+π−π+ mode, providing a measurement of B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−π+π−π+)=1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The value of B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)% is obtained, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of the branching fraction of the normalization mode. Using the well-measured branching fraction of the B0→D*−μ+νμ decay, a value of R(D*−)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013 is established, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of the branching fractions of the normalization and B0→D*−μ+νμ modes. This measurement is in agreement with the standard model prediction and with previous results.

Abstract

The ratio of branching fractions R(D*−)≡B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−μ+νμ) is measured using a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3  fb−1. For the first time, R(D*−) is determined using the τ-lepton decays with three charged pions in the final state. The B0→D*−τ+ντ yield is normalized to that of the B0→D*−π+π−π+ mode, providing a measurement of B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)/B(B0→D*−π+π−π+)=1.97±0.13±0.18, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The value of B(B0→D*−τ+ντ)=(1.42±0.094±0.129±0.054)% is obtained, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of the branching fraction of the normalization mode. Using the well-measured branching fraction of the B0→D*−μ+νμ decay, a value of R(D*−)=0.291±0.019±0.026±0.013 is established, where the third uncertainty is due to the limited knowledge of the branching fractions of the normalization and B0→D*−μ+νμ modes. This measurement is in agreement with the standard model prediction and with previous results.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:07 Mar 2019 14:13
Last Modified:17 Sep 2019 19:49
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.171802

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