Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Patterns of care for Multiple Sclerosis in a setting of universal care access: A cross-sectional study


Barin, Laura; Kaufmann, Marco; Salmen, Anke; Kamm, Christian P; Gobbi, Claudio; Kuhle, Jens; Pot, Caroline; Chan, Andrew; Czaplinski, Adam; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Rodgers, Stephanie; Kesselring, Jürg; Puhan, Milo A; von Wyl, Viktor; Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry, (2019). Patterns of care for Multiple Sclerosis in a setting of universal care access: A cross-sectional study. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 28:17-25.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Current guidelines recommend regular neurological MS care in persons diagnosed with MS, but little is known about implementation of this recommendation or potential access barriers. This study examined disease-specific and sociodemographic differences between MS patients in Neurological Care (NeC), General Practitioner Care (GPC), or no Physician Care (NoPC) to identify group differences and characteristics that may suggest care access barriers.

METHODS
Patient-reported data were analyzed from 1038 Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry participants by means of multivariable regression to identify systematic differences across the three care groups. Assessments included comprehensive data on clinical, sociodemographic, and geographic factors.

RESULTS
89% reported being in regular care by a neurologist (56% in private practices, 44% in hospitals), 5% were in GPC, and 6% reported No Physician Care (NoPC). Compared with the NeC group, patients not seeing a neurologist included two subgroups, one consisting of persons with a primary progressive MS (PPMS) and/or an extended MS history. The second subgroup included persons with a recent MS diagnosis within the last 2 years. Within the NeC group, the patients seen in private practices were of older age and more frequently female compared to those at clinics, but no differences were detected with regard to disability status, MS type, or treatment patterns.

CONCLUSIONS
Access to neurological care is high in Switzerland. Given the emerging paradigm for early treatment and new drugs for progressive MS, regular neurology visits should be promoted among patient groups currently less in neurological care such as persons with PPMS or recently diagnosed.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Current guidelines recommend regular neurological MS care in persons diagnosed with MS, but little is known about implementation of this recommendation or potential access barriers. This study examined disease-specific and sociodemographic differences between MS patients in Neurological Care (NeC), General Practitioner Care (GPC), or no Physician Care (NoPC) to identify group differences and characteristics that may suggest care access barriers.

METHODS
Patient-reported data were analyzed from 1038 Swiss Multiple Sclerosis Registry participants by means of multivariable regression to identify systematic differences across the three care groups. Assessments included comprehensive data on clinical, sociodemographic, and geographic factors.

RESULTS
89% reported being in regular care by a neurologist (56% in private practices, 44% in hospitals), 5% were in GPC, and 6% reported No Physician Care (NoPC). Compared with the NeC group, patients not seeing a neurologist included two subgroups, one consisting of persons with a primary progressive MS (PPMS) and/or an extended MS history. The second subgroup included persons with a recent MS diagnosis within the last 2 years. Within the NeC group, the patients seen in private practices were of older age and more frequently female compared to those at clinics, but no differences were detected with regard to disability status, MS type, or treatment patterns.

CONCLUSIONS
Access to neurological care is high in Switzerland. Given the emerging paradigm for early treatment and new drugs for progressive MS, regular neurology visits should be promoted among patient groups currently less in neurological care such as persons with PPMS or recently diagnosed.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 04 Jan 2019
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2 December 2019
Deposited On:04 Jan 2019 14:15
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2211-0348
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.11.033
PubMed ID:30530118

Download