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Comparing cultural differences with domain-specific differences of appreciating and understanding values


Christen, Markus (2018). Comparing cultural differences with domain-specific differences of appreciating and understanding values. Journal of Moral Education, 47(3):333-345.

Abstract

Human endeavors such as promoting science or creating art have a close connection to underlying values and virtues. For example, creativity, curiosity or objectivity provide orientation when working as scientist or artist, outlining the ultimate aim of practitioners active in those domains. The appreciation and interpretation of domain values are expected to depend upon the domain, which should less be the case for moral values. This study investigates differences in the semantics, perceived importance and interpretation of 10 domain and 10 moral values in two domains (art and medicine) and two cultural settings (US, N = 336; Switzerland, N = 554). It is shown that the semantic understanding of values is robust with respect to culture and domain and that the appreciation of values varies in dependence of the domains but not the culture. Cultural factors have a greater impact compared to the domain for domain value interpretation, but not moral value interpretation.

Abstract

Human endeavors such as promoting science or creating art have a close connection to underlying values and virtues. For example, creativity, curiosity or objectivity provide orientation when working as scientist or artist, outlining the ultimate aim of practitioners active in those domains. The appreciation and interpretation of domain values are expected to depend upon the domain, which should less be the case for moral values. This study investigates differences in the semantics, perceived importance and interpretation of 10 domain and 10 moral values in two domains (art and medicine) and two cultural settings (US, N = 336; Switzerland, N = 554). It is shown that the semantic understanding of values is robust with respect to culture and domain and that the appreciation of values varies in dependence of the domains but not the culture. Cultural factors have a greater impact compared to the domain for domain value interpretation, but not moral value interpretation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine
08 Research Priority Programs > Digital Society Initiative
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Religious studies
Language:English
Date:3 July 2018
Deposited On:04 Jan 2019 15:52
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:00
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0305-7240
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Moral Education on 28 Aug 2018, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03057240.2018.1469477.
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2018.1469477

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