Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Clinical and histologic outcome in a dog surviving massive hepatic necrosis


Kook, Peter H; Baumstark, M E; Ruetten, M (2019). Clinical and histologic outcome in a dog surviving massive hepatic necrosis. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 33(2):879-884.

Abstract

This report describes the clinical and histologic recovery of a 2-year-old mixed-breed dog presented with hypovolemic shock, markedly increased serum alanine amino transferase activity, and hemoabdomen. Emergency exploratory surgery revealed a friable liver with multiple capsule hemorrhages necessitating removal of the left lateral lobe. Histologic evaluation showed acute massive hepatic necrosis with centrilobular and midzonal distribution. The dog survived, and all monitored laboratory values normalized within 7 weeks. A liver biopsy taken 8 weeks after presentation revealed normal hepatic architecture with a few, randomly distributed neutrophilic foci. Follow-up included intermittent determination of liver variables including liver function tests for a period of 7 years. The dog's health status, and all test results remained normal during this time. Complete recovery and good long-term quality of life after life-threatening acute liver failure secondary to massive hepatic necrosis is possible in dogs.

Abstract

This report describes the clinical and histologic recovery of a 2-year-old mixed-breed dog presented with hypovolemic shock, markedly increased serum alanine amino transferase activity, and hemoabdomen. Emergency exploratory surgery revealed a friable liver with multiple capsule hemorrhages necessitating removal of the left lateral lobe. Histologic evaluation showed acute massive hepatic necrosis with centrilobular and midzonal distribution. The dog survived, and all monitored laboratory values normalized within 7 weeks. A liver biopsy taken 8 weeks after presentation revealed normal hepatic architecture with a few, randomly distributed neutrophilic foci. Follow-up included intermittent determination of liver variables including liver function tests for a period of 7 years. The dog's health status, and all test results remained normal during this time. Complete recovery and good long-term quality of life after life-threatening acute liver failure secondary to massive hepatic necrosis is possible in dogs.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

13 downloads since deposited on 15 Jan 2019
13 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:March 2019
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 18:55
Last Modified:01 May 2019 13:03
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:0891-6640
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15391
PubMed ID:30575127

Download

Download PDF  'Clinical and histologic outcome in a dog surviving massive hepatic necrosis'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)