Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Impact of Aneurysm Multiplicity on Treatment and Outcome After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage


Abstract

BACKGROUND One-third of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIA). OBJECTIVE To determine the predictors of outcome in aSAH patients with MIA compared to aSAH patients with a single intracranial aneurysm (SIA). METHODS The Swiss Study of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage dataset 2009-2014 was used to evaluate outcome in aSAH patients with MIA compared to patients with SIA with the aid of descriptive and multivariate regression analysis. The primary endpoints of this cohort study were presence of new stroke on computed tomography (CT) after aneurysm treatment, and presence of stroke on CT prior to discharge. The secondary endpoints were the clinical and the functional status, and the overall mortality at discharge and at 1 yr. RESULTS Among 1689 consecutive patients, 467 had MIA (prevalence: 26.4%). The incidence of stroke was higher in the MIA than in the SIA group, both after aneurysm treatment (19.3% vs 15.1%) and at discharge (24% vs 21.4%). However, the 95% confidence interval (CI) for the corresponding odds ratio (OR) in our multivariate model included 1, indicating that the detected trends did not reach statistical significance. As for the secondary endpoints, aneurysm multiplicity was found to be an independent, statistically significant predictor for occurrence of a new focal neurological deficit between admission and discharge (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.08-1.81). Yet, the MIA and SIA groups did not differ in terms of either functional outcome or overall survival. CONCLUSION aSAH patients with MIA have a higher short-term morbidity than patients with SIA. This excess morbidity does not worsen the functional outcome or lower overall survival.

Abstract

BACKGROUND One-third of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIA). OBJECTIVE To determine the predictors of outcome in aSAH patients with MIA compared to aSAH patients with a single intracranial aneurysm (SIA). METHODS The Swiss Study of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage dataset 2009-2014 was used to evaluate outcome in aSAH patients with MIA compared to patients with SIA with the aid of descriptive and multivariate regression analysis. The primary endpoints of this cohort study were presence of new stroke on computed tomography (CT) after aneurysm treatment, and presence of stroke on CT prior to discharge. The secondary endpoints were the clinical and the functional status, and the overall mortality at discharge and at 1 yr. RESULTS Among 1689 consecutive patients, 467 had MIA (prevalence: 26.4%). The incidence of stroke was higher in the MIA than in the SIA group, both after aneurysm treatment (19.3% vs 15.1%) and at discharge (24% vs 21.4%). However, the 95% confidence interval (CI) for the corresponding odds ratio (OR) in our multivariate model included 1, indicating that the detected trends did not reach statistical significance. As for the secondary endpoints, aneurysm multiplicity was found to be an independent, statistically significant predictor for occurrence of a new focal neurological deficit between admission and discharge (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.08-1.81). Yet, the MIA and SIA groups did not differ in terms of either functional outcome or overall survival. CONCLUSION aSAH patients with MIA have a higher short-term morbidity than patients with SIA. This excess morbidity does not worsen the functional outcome or lower overall survival.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Surgery, Clinical Neurology
Language:English
Date:1 June 2019
Deposited On:08 Jan 2019 15:53
Last Modified:16 May 2019 01:02
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0148-396X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy331
PubMed ID:30113674

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library