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Acute hemodynamic changes by breathing hypoxic and hyperoxic gas mixtures in pulmonary arterial and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension


Groth, Alexandra; Saxer, Stéphanie; Bader, Patrick R; Lichtblau, Mona; Furian, Michael; Schneider, Simon R; Schwarz, Esther I; Bloch, Konrad E; Ulrich, Silvia (2018). Acute hemodynamic changes by breathing hypoxic and hyperoxic gas mixtures in pulmonary arterial and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. International Journal of Cardiology, 270:262-267.

Abstract

BACKGROUND There is insufficient evidence to counsel patients with pulmonary hypertension undergoing altitude or air travel. We thus aimed to study hemodynamic response of patients with pulmonary arterial or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (PAH/CTEPH) during changes in inspiratory oxygen partial pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS Consecutive patients undergoing right heart catheterization had hemodynamic assessments whilst breathing ambient air (normoxia, FiO 0.21, at altitude 490 m), nitrogen-enriched air (hypoxia, FiO 0.16, simulated altitude 2600 m) and oxygen (hyperoxia, FiO 1.0), each for 10 min. Data from patients with PAH/CTEPH with mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≥25 mmHg, pulmonary artery wedge pressure ≤15 mmHg, were compared to data from controls, mPAP <20 mmHg. 28 PAH/CTEPH-patients, 15 women, median age (quartiles) 62y (49;73), mPAP 35 mmHg (31;44), PaO 7.1 kPa (6.8;9.3) and 16 controls, 12 women, 60y (52;69), mPAP 18 mmHg (16;18), PaO 9.5 kPa (8.5;10.6) were included. Hypoxia reduced the PaO in PAH/CTEPH-patients by median of 2.3 kPa, in controls by 3.3 kPa, difference (95%CI) in change 1.0 (0.02 to 1.9), p < 0.05. Corresponding changes in pulmonary vascular resistance, mPAP and cardiac output were nonsignificant in both groups. Hyperoxia decreased mPAP in PAH/CTEPH-patients by 4 mmHg (2 to 6), in controls by 2 mmHg (0 to 3), difference in change 3 mmHg (0 to 5), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS In patients with PAH/CTEPH, very short-term exposure to moderate hypoxia similar to 2600 m altitude or during commercial air travel did not deteriorate hemodynamics. These results encourage studying the response of PAH/CTEPH during daytrips to the mountain or air travel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND There is insufficient evidence to counsel patients with pulmonary hypertension undergoing altitude or air travel. We thus aimed to study hemodynamic response of patients with pulmonary arterial or chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (PAH/CTEPH) during changes in inspiratory oxygen partial pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS Consecutive patients undergoing right heart catheterization had hemodynamic assessments whilst breathing ambient air (normoxia, FiO 0.21, at altitude 490 m), nitrogen-enriched air (hypoxia, FiO 0.16, simulated altitude 2600 m) and oxygen (hyperoxia, FiO 1.0), each for 10 min. Data from patients with PAH/CTEPH with mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) ≥25 mmHg, pulmonary artery wedge pressure ≤15 mmHg, were compared to data from controls, mPAP <20 mmHg. 28 PAH/CTEPH-patients, 15 women, median age (quartiles) 62y (49;73), mPAP 35 mmHg (31;44), PaO 7.1 kPa (6.8;9.3) and 16 controls, 12 women, 60y (52;69), mPAP 18 mmHg (16;18), PaO 9.5 kPa (8.5;10.6) were included. Hypoxia reduced the PaO in PAH/CTEPH-patients by median of 2.3 kPa, in controls by 3.3 kPa, difference (95%CI) in change 1.0 (0.02 to 1.9), p < 0.05. Corresponding changes in pulmonary vascular resistance, mPAP and cardiac output were nonsignificant in both groups. Hyperoxia decreased mPAP in PAH/CTEPH-patients by 4 mmHg (2 to 6), in controls by 2 mmHg (0 to 3), difference in change 3 mmHg (0 to 5), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS In patients with PAH/CTEPH, very short-term exposure to moderate hypoxia similar to 2600 m altitude or during commercial air travel did not deteriorate hemodynamics. These results encourage studying the response of PAH/CTEPH during daytrips to the mountain or air travel.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2018
Deposited On:03 Jan 2019 10:48
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-5273
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.127
PubMed ID:29891241

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