Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Crucial role for Nox2 and sleep deprivation in aircraft noise-induced vascular and cerebral oxidative stress, inflammation, and gene regulation


Abstract

Aims: Aircraft noise causes endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Transportation noise increases the incidence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and stroke. The underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Herein, we investigated effects of phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase (Nox2) knockout and different noise protocols (around-the-clock, sleep/awake phase noise) on vascular and cerebral complications in mice. Methods and results: C57BL/6j and Nox2-/- (gp91phox-/-) mice were exposed to aircraft noise (maximum sound level of 85 dB(A), average sound pressure level of 72 dB(A)) around-the-clock or during sleep/awake phases for 1, 2, and 4 days. Adverse effects of around-the-clock noise on the vasculature and brain were mostly prevented by Nox2 deficiency. Around-the-clock aircraft noise of the mice caused the most pronounced vascular effects and dysregulation of Foxo3/circadian clock as revealed by next generation sequencing (NGS), suggesting impaired sleep quality in exposed mice. Accordingly, sleep but not awake phase noise caused increased blood pressure, endothelial dysfunction, increased markers of vascular/systemic oxidative stress, and inflammation. Noise also caused cerebral oxidative stress and inflammation, endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (e/nNOS) uncoupling, nNOS mRNA and protein down-regulation, and Nox2 activation. NGS revealed similarities in adverse gene regulation between around-the-clock and sleep phase noise. In patients with established coronary artery disease, night-time aircraft noise increased oxidative stress, and inflammation biomarkers in serum. Conclusion: Aircraft noise increases vascular and cerebral oxidative stress via Nox2. Sleep deprivation and/or fragmentation caused by noise triggers vascular dysfunction. Thus, preventive measures that reduce night-time aircraft noise are warranted.

Abstract

Aims: Aircraft noise causes endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Transportation noise increases the incidence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and stroke. The underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Herein, we investigated effects of phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase (Nox2) knockout and different noise protocols (around-the-clock, sleep/awake phase noise) on vascular and cerebral complications in mice. Methods and results: C57BL/6j and Nox2-/- (gp91phox-/-) mice were exposed to aircraft noise (maximum sound level of 85 dB(A), average sound pressure level of 72 dB(A)) around-the-clock or during sleep/awake phases for 1, 2, and 4 days. Adverse effects of around-the-clock noise on the vasculature and brain were mostly prevented by Nox2 deficiency. Around-the-clock aircraft noise of the mice caused the most pronounced vascular effects and dysregulation of Foxo3/circadian clock as revealed by next generation sequencing (NGS), suggesting impaired sleep quality in exposed mice. Accordingly, sleep but not awake phase noise caused increased blood pressure, endothelial dysfunction, increased markers of vascular/systemic oxidative stress, and inflammation. Noise also caused cerebral oxidative stress and inflammation, endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (e/nNOS) uncoupling, nNOS mRNA and protein down-regulation, and Nox2 activation. NGS revealed similarities in adverse gene regulation between around-the-clock and sleep phase noise. In patients with established coronary artery disease, night-time aircraft noise increased oxidative stress, and inflammation biomarkers in serum. Conclusion: Aircraft noise increases vascular and cerebral oxidative stress via Nox2. Sleep deprivation and/or fragmentation caused by noise triggers vascular dysfunction. Thus, preventive measures that reduce night-time aircraft noise are warranted.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
7 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

3 downloads since deposited on 11 Jan 2019
3 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:7 October 2018
Deposited On:11 Jan 2019 08:25
Last Modified:12 Jan 2019 09:19
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy333
PubMed ID:29905797

Download

Download PDF  'Crucial role for Nox2 and sleep deprivation in aircraft noise-induced vascular and cerebral oxidative stress, inflammation, and gene regulation'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 2MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)