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Development and Validation of Social Motivation Questionnaire


Gong, Xianmin; Seaman, Kendra L; Fung, Helene H; Loeckenhoff, Corinna; Lang, Frieder R (2018). Development and Validation of Social Motivation Questionnaire. The Gerontologist:ePub ahead of print.

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Information-seeking (IS) and emotion-regulatory (ER) motivation play meaningful roles in age-related changes in social interaction across adulthood. This study aimed to develop and validate the Social Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ) to assess these two types of motivation.

Research Design and Methods: Ten items were selected from a pool as the candidate items of SMQ and were administered to 480 German adults (20–91 years old) for validation. These items were also administered to 150 U.S. (18–40 years old) and 131 Hong Kong younger adults (18 to 26 years old) for cultural-invariance examination.

Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that a two-factor, eight-item structure fits the German adults’ data well with satisfactory reliability. Multigroup comparisons showed cross-age invariance among younger, middle-aged, and older German adults, as well as cross-cultural invariance among German, U.S., and Hong Kong younger adults.

Discussion and Implications: A new questionnaire, SMQ, was developed and validated to measure IS and ER social motivation across adulthood and across cultures.

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Information-seeking (IS) and emotion-regulatory (ER) motivation play meaningful roles in age-related changes in social interaction across adulthood. This study aimed to develop and validate the Social Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ) to assess these two types of motivation.

Research Design and Methods: Ten items were selected from a pool as the candidate items of SMQ and were administered to 480 German adults (20–91 years old) for validation. These items were also administered to 150 U.S. (18–40 years old) and 131 Hong Kong younger adults (18 to 26 years old) for cultural-invariance examination.

Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that a two-factor, eight-item structure fits the German adults’ data well with satisfactory reliability. Multigroup comparisons showed cross-age invariance among younger, middle-aged, and older German adults, as well as cross-cultural invariance among German, U.S., and Hong Kong younger adults.

Discussion and Implications: A new questionnaire, SMQ, was developed and validated to measure IS and ER social motivation across adulthood and across cultures.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gerontology, Geriatrics and Gerontology, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:9 October 2018
Deposited On:09 Jan 2019 15:54
Last Modified:09 Jan 2019 15:54
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0016-9013
Additional Information:This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The Gerontologist following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version "Xianmin Gong, Kendra L Seaman, Helene H Fung, Corinna Loeckenhoff, Frieder R Lang; Development and Validation of Social Motivation Questionnaire, The Gerontologist, , gny121, https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny121" is available online at https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny121.
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny121
PubMed ID:30304521

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Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only until 9 January 2020
Size: 280kB
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Embargo till: 2020-01-09