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Reference intervals for LC-MS/MS measurements of plasma free, urinary free and urinary acid-hydrolyzed deconjugated normetanephrine, metanephrine and methoxytyramine


Eisenhofer, Graeme; Peitzsch, Mirko; Kaden, Denise; Langton, Katharina; Mangelis, Anastasios; Pamporaki, Christina; Masjkur, Jimmy; Geroula, Aikaterini; Kurlbaum, Max; Deutschbein, Timo; Beuschlein, Felix; Prejbisz, Aleksander; Bornstein, Stefan R; Lenders, Jacques W M (2019). Reference intervals for LC-MS/MS measurements of plasma free, urinary free and urinary acid-hydrolyzed deconjugated normetanephrine, metanephrine and methoxytyramine. Clinica Chimica Acta, 490:46-54.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Plasma or urinary metanephrines are recommended for screening of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs). Measurements of urinary free rather than deconjugated metanephrines and additional measurements of methoxytyramine represent other developments. For all measurements there is need for reference intervals.
METHODS Plasma free, urinary free and urinary deconjugated O-methylated catecholamine metabolites were measured by LC-MS/MS in specimens from 590 hypertensives and normotensives. Reference intervals were optimized using data from 2,056 patients tested for PPGLs.
RESULTS Multivariate analyses, correcting for age and body surface area, indicated higher plasma and urinary metanephrine in males than females and sex differences in urinary normetanephrine and free methoxytyramine that largely reflected body size variation. There were positive associations of age with plasma metabolites, but negative relationships with urinary free metanephrine and methoxytyramine. Plasma and urinary normetanephrine were higher in hypertensives than normotensives, but differences were small. Optimization of reference intervals using the data from patients tested for PPGLs indicated that age was the most important consideration for plasma normetanephrine and sex most practical for urinary metabolites.
CONCLUSION This study clarifies impacts of demographic and anthropometric variables on catecholamine metabolites, verifies use of age-specific reference intervals for plasma normetanephrine and establishes sex-specific reference intervals for urinary metabolites.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Plasma or urinary metanephrines are recommended for screening of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs). Measurements of urinary free rather than deconjugated metanephrines and additional measurements of methoxytyramine represent other developments. For all measurements there is need for reference intervals.
METHODS Plasma free, urinary free and urinary deconjugated O-methylated catecholamine metabolites were measured by LC-MS/MS in specimens from 590 hypertensives and normotensives. Reference intervals were optimized using data from 2,056 patients tested for PPGLs.
RESULTS Multivariate analyses, correcting for age and body surface area, indicated higher plasma and urinary metanephrine in males than females and sex differences in urinary normetanephrine and free methoxytyramine that largely reflected body size variation. There were positive associations of age with plasma metabolites, but negative relationships with urinary free metanephrine and methoxytyramine. Plasma and urinary normetanephrine were higher in hypertensives than normotensives, but differences were small. Optimization of reference intervals using the data from patients tested for PPGLs indicated that age was the most important consideration for plasma normetanephrine and sex most practical for urinary metabolites.
CONCLUSION This study clarifies impacts of demographic and anthropometric variables on catecholamine metabolites, verifies use of age-specific reference intervals for plasma normetanephrine and establishes sex-specific reference intervals for urinary metabolites.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Clinical Biochemistry
Health Sciences > Biochemistry (medical)
Language:English
Date:17 December 2019
Deposited On:16 Jan 2019 14:16
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 08:54
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0009-8981
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2018.12.019
PubMed ID:30571948

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