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Role of Der p 1-specific B cells in immune tolerance during 2 years of house dust mite-specific immunotherapy


Boonpiyathad, Tadech; van de Veen, Willem; Wirz, Oliver; Sokolowska, Milena; Rückert, Beate; Tan, Ge; Sangasapaviliya, Atik; Pradubpongsa, Panitan; Fuengthong, Rattanaporn; Thantiworasit, Pattarawat; Sirivichayakul, Sunee; Ruxrungtham, Kiat; Akdis, Cezmi A; Akdis, Mübeccel (2019). Role of Der p 1-specific B cells in immune tolerance during 2 years of house dust mite-specific immunotherapy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 143(3):1077-1086.e10.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term follow-up of allergen-specific B cells in terms of immunoglobulin isotype expression, plasmablast differentiation, and regulatory B (Breg) cell development during allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Allergen-specific B-cell responses during 2 years of house dust mite AIT were compared between responder and nonresponder patients. METHODS: B cells specific for Der p 1 were detected by using the fluorochrome-labeled allergen method. The frequency of IgA-, IgG1- and IgG4-switched Der p 1-specific B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10- and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA)-producing Breg cells were investigated and correlated to clinical response to AIT. RESULTS: Sixteen of 25 patients completed the 2-year study. Eleven responder patients showed a successful response to AIT, as measured by a decrease in symptom-medication scores from 13.23 ± 0.28 to 2.45 ± 0.24 (P = .001) and a decrease in skin prick test reactivity to house dust mite from 7.0 ± 1.3 to 2.7 ± 0.5 mm (P = .001). IgG4+ and IgA+ Der p 1-specific B cells showed a significant increase after AIT, with a significantly greater frequency in responders compared with nonresponders in the IgG4+ but not the IgA+ fraction. The frequency of plasmablasts and IL-10- and/or IL-1RA-producing Breg cells was greater among responders compared with nonresponders after 2 years. The increased frequency of Der p 1-specific IgG4+ B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10+ and dual-positive IL-10+IL-1RA+ Breg cells significantly correlated with improved clinical symptoms over the course of AIT. CONCLUSION: Allergen-specific B cells in patients responding to AIT are characterized by increased numbers of IgA- and IgG4-expressing Der p 1-specific B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10+ and/or IL-1RA+ Breg cells. Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long-term follow-up of allergen-specific B cells in terms of immunoglobulin isotype expression, plasmablast differentiation, and regulatory B (Breg) cell development during allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Allergen-specific B-cell responses during 2 years of house dust mite AIT were compared between responder and nonresponder patients. METHODS: B cells specific for Der p 1 were detected by using the fluorochrome-labeled allergen method. The frequency of IgA-, IgG1- and IgG4-switched Der p 1-specific B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10- and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA)-producing Breg cells were investigated and correlated to clinical response to AIT. RESULTS: Sixteen of 25 patients completed the 2-year study. Eleven responder patients showed a successful response to AIT, as measured by a decrease in symptom-medication scores from 13.23 ± 0.28 to 2.45 ± 0.24 (P = .001) and a decrease in skin prick test reactivity to house dust mite from 7.0 ± 1.3 to 2.7 ± 0.5 mm (P = .001). IgG4+ and IgA+ Der p 1-specific B cells showed a significant increase after AIT, with a significantly greater frequency in responders compared with nonresponders in the IgG4+ but not the IgA+ fraction. The frequency of plasmablasts and IL-10- and/or IL-1RA-producing Breg cells was greater among responders compared with nonresponders after 2 years. The increased frequency of Der p 1-specific IgG4+ B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10+ and dual-positive IL-10+IL-1RA+ Breg cells significantly correlated with improved clinical symptoms over the course of AIT. CONCLUSION: Allergen-specific B cells in patients responding to AIT are characterized by increased numbers of IgA- and IgG4-expressing Der p 1-specific B cells, plasmablasts, and IL-10+ and/or IL-1RA+ Breg cells. Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2019
Deposited On:18 Jan 2019 14:09
Last Modified:06 Mar 2019 02:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0091-6749
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2018.10.061
PubMed ID:30529452

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