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Gastric motor and sensory function in health assessed by magnetic resonance imaging: Establishment of reference intervals for the Nottingham test meal in healthy subjects


Parker, Helen; Hoad, Caroline L; Tucker, Emily; Costigan, Carolyn; Marciani, Luca; Gowland, Penny; Fox, Mark (2018). Gastric motor and sensory function in health assessed by magnetic resonance imaging: Establishment of reference intervals for the Nottingham test meal in healthy subjects. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 30(12):e13463.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Current investigations of gastric emptying rarely identify the cause of symptoms or provide a definitive diagnosis in patients with dyspepsia. This study assessed gastric function by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the modular "Nottingham test meal" (NTM) in healthy volunteers (HVs). METHODS The NTM comprises (a) 400 mL liquid nutrient (0.75 kcal/mL) labeled with Gadolinium-DOTA and (b) an optional solid component (12 agar-beads [0 kcal]). Filling sensations were documented. MRI measurements of gastric volume, emptying, contraction wave frequency, and secretion were obtained using validated methods. KEY RESULTS Gastric function was measured in a population of 73 HVs stratified for age and sex. NTM induced moderate satiety and fullness. Labeled fluid was observed in the small bowel in all subjects after meal ingestion ("early-phase" GE). Secretion was rapid such that postprandial gastric content volume was often greater than meal volume (GCV0 > 400 mL), and there was increasing dilution of the meal during the study (P < 0.001). Gastric half-time was median 66-minutes (95% reference interval 35 to 161-minutes ["late-phase" GE]). The number of intact agar beads in the stomach was 7/12 (58%) at 60-minutes and 1/12 (8%) at 120-minutes. Age, bodyweight and sex had measurable effects on gastric function; however, these were small compared to inter-individual variation for most metrics. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES Reference intervals are presented for MRI measurements of gastric function assessed for the mixed liquid/solid NTM. Studies in patients will determine which metrics are of clinical value and also whether the reference intervals presented here offer optimal diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Current investigations of gastric emptying rarely identify the cause of symptoms or provide a definitive diagnosis in patients with dyspepsia. This study assessed gastric function by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the modular "Nottingham test meal" (NTM) in healthy volunteers (HVs). METHODS The NTM comprises (a) 400 mL liquid nutrient (0.75 kcal/mL) labeled with Gadolinium-DOTA and (b) an optional solid component (12 agar-beads [0 kcal]). Filling sensations were documented. MRI measurements of gastric volume, emptying, contraction wave frequency, and secretion were obtained using validated methods. KEY RESULTS Gastric function was measured in a population of 73 HVs stratified for age and sex. NTM induced moderate satiety and fullness. Labeled fluid was observed in the small bowel in all subjects after meal ingestion ("early-phase" GE). Secretion was rapid such that postprandial gastric content volume was often greater than meal volume (GCV0 > 400 mL), and there was increasing dilution of the meal during the study (P < 0.001). Gastric half-time was median 66-minutes (95% reference interval 35 to 161-minutes ["late-phase" GE]). The number of intact agar beads in the stomach was 7/12 (58%) at 60-minutes and 1/12 (8%) at 120-minutes. Age, bodyweight and sex had measurable effects on gastric function; however, these were small compared to inter-individual variation for most metrics. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES Reference intervals are presented for MRI measurements of gastric function assessed for the mixed liquid/solid NTM. Studies in patients will determine which metrics are of clinical value and also whether the reference intervals presented here offer optimal diagnostic sensitivity and specificity.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2018
Deposited On:24 Jan 2019 09:53
Last Modified:01 Dec 2019 01:02
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1350-1925
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13463
PubMed ID:30216596

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