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Beta-ketothiolase deficiency: an unusual cause of recurrent ketoacidosis


Kılıç-Yıldırım, Gonca; Durmuş-Aydoğdu, Sultan; Ceylaner, Serdar; Sass, Jörn Oliver (2017). Beta-ketothiolase deficiency: an unusual cause of recurrent ketoacidosis. Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 59(4):471.

Abstract

Beta-ketothiolase deficiency: An unusual cause of recurrent ketoacidosis. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 471-474. Beta-ketothiolase deficiency (mitochondrial acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, MAT or T2 deficiency) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of isoleucine and ketone body metabolism due to acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-1 (ACAT1) gene mutations. The disease is characterized by recurrent episodes of ketoasidosis which starts with vomiting and followed by dehydration and tachypnea. Here, we present a patient who was admitted to the hospital with severe acidosis and dehydration because of vomiting induced by protein rich nutrient and was diagnosed with MAT deficiency. 3-hydroxy-butyric acid, acetoacetic acid and 3-hydroxy-iso-valeric acid levels were significantly increased and tiglyglycine as trace amount in the urine organic acid analysis of the patient. Genetic analysis for ACAT-1 showed compound heterozygosity for the mutations c.949G > A (p.D317N) and c.951C > T (p.D317D), which both are known to cause exon 10 skipping and to be pathogenic missense mutations.

Abstract

Beta-ketothiolase deficiency: An unusual cause of recurrent ketoacidosis. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 471-474. Beta-ketothiolase deficiency (mitochondrial acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, MAT or T2 deficiency) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of isoleucine and ketone body metabolism due to acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-1 (ACAT1) gene mutations. The disease is characterized by recurrent episodes of ketoasidosis which starts with vomiting and followed by dehydration and tachypnea. Here, we present a patient who was admitted to the hospital with severe acidosis and dehydration because of vomiting induced by protein rich nutrient and was diagnosed with MAT deficiency. 3-hydroxy-butyric acid, acetoacetic acid and 3-hydroxy-iso-valeric acid levels were significantly increased and tiglyglycine as trace amount in the urine organic acid analysis of the patient. Genetic analysis for ACAT-1 showed compound heterozygosity for the mutations c.949G > A (p.D317N) and c.951C > T (p.D317D), which both are known to cause exon 10 skipping and to be pathogenic missense mutations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2017
Deposited On:31 Jan 2019 10:25
Last Modified:31 Jan 2019 10:27
Publisher:International Children's Center (I C C)
ISSN:0041-4301
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2017.04.016
PubMed ID:29624230

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