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Combined diffusing capacity for nitric oxide and carbon monoxide as predictor of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome following lung transplantation


Winkler, Anna; Kahnert, Kathrin; Behr, Jürgen; Neurohr, Claus; Kneidinger, Nikolaus; Hatz, Rudolf; Dressel, Holger; Radtke, Thomas; Jörres, Rudolf A (2018). Combined diffusing capacity for nitric oxide and carbon monoxide as predictor of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome following lung transplantation. Respiratory Research, 19:171.

Abstract

Background There is a need for non-invasive parameters that are sensitive to the development of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) in lung transplantation (LTx) patients. We studied whether the pulmonary diffusing capacity for inhaled nitric oxide is capable of detecting BOS stages. Methods Sixty-one LTx patients were included into this cross-sectional study (19/29/7/3/3 in BOS stages 0/0-p/1/2/3). For analysis stages 0/0-p versus 1/2/3 (“BOS binary-early”), and stages 0/0-p/1 versus 2/3 (“BOS binary-late”) were summarized. Measurements of the combined diffusing capacity for nitric oxide (DLNO) and carbon monoxide (DLCO) were compared with spirometry and bodyplethysmography, and their relative importance was evaluated by discriminant analysis. Results Regarding the recognition of “BOS binary-early”, among spirometric parameters forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was best, among bodyplethysmographic parameters airway resistance, and among diffusing parameters DLNO. Regarding “BOS binary-late”, DLNO was inferior to bodyplethysmographic parameters. Conclusion Although the study comprised only measurements at a single time point and no follow-up, DLNO outperformed FEV1, the time course of which is used in detecting BOS. Together with its pathophysiological plausibility, this result suggests that the measurement of DLNO, possibly over time, could be an easily applicable tool for the monitoring of LTx patients and should be evaluated in larger studies.

Abstract

Background There is a need for non-invasive parameters that are sensitive to the development of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) in lung transplantation (LTx) patients. We studied whether the pulmonary diffusing capacity for inhaled nitric oxide is capable of detecting BOS stages. Methods Sixty-one LTx patients were included into this cross-sectional study (19/29/7/3/3 in BOS stages 0/0-p/1/2/3). For analysis stages 0/0-p versus 1/2/3 (“BOS binary-early”), and stages 0/0-p/1 versus 2/3 (“BOS binary-late”) were summarized. Measurements of the combined diffusing capacity for nitric oxide (DLNO) and carbon monoxide (DLCO) were compared with spirometry and bodyplethysmography, and their relative importance was evaluated by discriminant analysis. Results Regarding the recognition of “BOS binary-early”, among spirometric parameters forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was best, among bodyplethysmographic parameters airway resistance, and among diffusing parameters DLNO. Regarding “BOS binary-late”, DLNO was inferior to bodyplethysmographic parameters. Conclusion Although the study comprised only measurements at a single time point and no follow-up, DLNO outperformed FEV1, the time course of which is used in detecting BOS. Together with its pathophysiological plausibility, this result suggests that the measurement of DLNO, possibly over time, could be an easily applicable tool for the monitoring of LTx patients and should be evaluated in larger studies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:05 Feb 2019 15:32
Last Modified:05 Feb 2019 15:37
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1465-9921
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12931-018-0881-1
PubMed ID:30200966

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