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Conjugated estrogens in the endometrium during the estrous cycle in pigs


Hankele, Anna-Katharina; Bauersachs, Stefan; Ulbrich, Susanne E (2018). Conjugated estrogens in the endometrium during the estrous cycle in pigs. Reproductive Biology, 18(4):336-343.

Abstract

Estrogen metabolism results in the formation of inactive estrogen sulphates and glucuronides. Despite the lack of receptor binding, circulating conjugated estrogens might serve as a reservoir for the active form through the involvement of specific cleaving enzymes. In order to elucidate the potential role that estrogen conjugates play in the regulation of the estrous cycle, we determined the concentration of progesterone, estrogen and estrogen conjugates in serum and endometrial homogenates of cycling gilts. In addition, we determined the mRNA expression changes of enzymes (UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), β-glucuronidase (GUSB), sulphotransferases (SULT) and steroid sulphatase (STS)) and transporters (multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATPs)) involved in the estrogen metabolism in the endometrium across the estrous cycle. GUSB displayed highest expression at estrous (day 0), decreasing expression during metestrus (day 3 and 6), minimal expression on day 10 and 12, and increasing expression towards proestrus (day 18), suggesting either a stimulation by estrogens or a negative impact of progesterone. The mRNA expression of the influx-transporter OATP1A2 significantly increased from day 0 to 6 and decreased again by day 10, while the efflux-transporters (MRP1, MRP2, and MDR1) displayed minimal expression at day 3 and 6. The mRNA expression of the UDP-glucuronsyltransferases followed a similar pattern, with minimal expression found at day 6. The analyses of the concentration of local and circulating steroid hormones points towards an interaction of the analyzed transporters and enzymes with steroid hormones, thereby possibly regulating the reservoir of active steroids contributing to the endometrial function.

Abstract

Estrogen metabolism results in the formation of inactive estrogen sulphates and glucuronides. Despite the lack of receptor binding, circulating conjugated estrogens might serve as a reservoir for the active form through the involvement of specific cleaving enzymes. In order to elucidate the potential role that estrogen conjugates play in the regulation of the estrous cycle, we determined the concentration of progesterone, estrogen and estrogen conjugates in serum and endometrial homogenates of cycling gilts. In addition, we determined the mRNA expression changes of enzymes (UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), β-glucuronidase (GUSB), sulphotransferases (SULT) and steroid sulphatase (STS)) and transporters (multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATPs)) involved in the estrogen metabolism in the endometrium across the estrous cycle. GUSB displayed highest expression at estrous (day 0), decreasing expression during metestrus (day 3 and 6), minimal expression on day 10 and 12, and increasing expression towards proestrus (day 18), suggesting either a stimulation by estrogens or a negative impact of progesterone. The mRNA expression of the influx-transporter OATP1A2 significantly increased from day 0 to 6 and decreased again by day 10, while the efflux-transporters (MRP1, MRP2, and MDR1) displayed minimal expression at day 3 and 6. The mRNA expression of the UDP-glucuronsyltransferases followed a similar pattern, with minimal expression found at day 6. The analyses of the concentration of local and circulating steroid hormones points towards an interaction of the analyzed transporters and enzymes with steroid hormones, thereby possibly regulating the reservoir of active steroids contributing to the endometrial function.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Animal Science and Zoology
Life Sciences > Endocrinology
Life Sciences > Developmental Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Estrogen conjugates; Estrogen metabolism; Hormone transporters; Porcine estrous cycle
Language:English
Date:December 2018
Deposited On:15 Jan 2019 10:31
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:06
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1642-431X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.repbio.2018.11.001
PubMed ID:30470668

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