Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Nonarticular Base and Shaft Fractures of Children's Fingers: Are Follow-up X-rays Needed? Retrospective Study of Conservatively Treated Proximal and Middle Phalangeal Fractures


Vonlanthen, Janine; Weber, Daniel M; Seiler, Michelle (2019). Nonarticular Base and Shaft Fractures of Children's Fingers: Are Follow-up X-rays Needed? Retrospective Study of Conservatively Treated Proximal and Middle Phalangeal Fractures. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 39(9):e657-e660.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Phalangeal fractures of the hand are common in children, and most extra-articular fractures can be treated with nonoperative management. Minimally or nondisplaced fractures may simply be immobilized, whereas displaced fractures need closed reduction before immobilization. Although few of these fractures displace secondarily, most schemes currently recommend follow-up x-rays after initial diagnosis. Our primary objective was to identify subgroups of finger fractures that are stable, thus requiring no radiographic monitoring.
METHODS This study was designed as a retrospective, single-center analysis of conservatively treated pediatric finger fractures of the proximal and middle phalanges. We included patients up to 16 years with base or shaft fractures of the index to little fingers who underwent nonoperative treatment and standardized follow-up controls in our pediatric hand surgery outpatients' clinic between 2010 and 2016. Fracture angular deformity in x-rays taken at diagnosis and after 1 and 3 weeks were reassessed blinded, and a statistical analysis was conducted to identify fracture types that are prone to secondary angular deformity.
RESULTS A total of 478 patients were eligible; 113 were lost due to missing final radiographic controls. Overall, 365 patients were analyzed; they had a mean age of 9.7 years (range, 1 to 16), and 33.4% required a primary closed reduction. A secondary angular deformity occurred in 2.2% (8/365) of all finger fractures. No secondary angulation occurred in primary minimally and nondisplaced fractures, but 6.6% (8/122) of the reduced fractures showed a subsequent loss of reduction.
CONCLUSIONS Minimally angulated (<10 degrees) and nondisplaced metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of proximal and middle phalanges of the index to little fingers are stable and therefore do not need radiographic follow-ups. However, initially angulated fractures requiring closed reduction bear a risk of subsequent loss of reduction.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Phalangeal fractures of the hand are common in children, and most extra-articular fractures can be treated with nonoperative management. Minimally or nondisplaced fractures may simply be immobilized, whereas displaced fractures need closed reduction before immobilization. Although few of these fractures displace secondarily, most schemes currently recommend follow-up x-rays after initial diagnosis. Our primary objective was to identify subgroups of finger fractures that are stable, thus requiring no radiographic monitoring.
METHODS This study was designed as a retrospective, single-center analysis of conservatively treated pediatric finger fractures of the proximal and middle phalanges. We included patients up to 16 years with base or shaft fractures of the index to little fingers who underwent nonoperative treatment and standardized follow-up controls in our pediatric hand surgery outpatients' clinic between 2010 and 2016. Fracture angular deformity in x-rays taken at diagnosis and after 1 and 3 weeks were reassessed blinded, and a statistical analysis was conducted to identify fracture types that are prone to secondary angular deformity.
RESULTS A total of 478 patients were eligible; 113 were lost due to missing final radiographic controls. Overall, 365 patients were analyzed; they had a mean age of 9.7 years (range, 1 to 16), and 33.4% required a primary closed reduction. A secondary angular deformity occurred in 2.2% (8/365) of all finger fractures. No secondary angulation occurred in primary minimally and nondisplaced fractures, but 6.6% (8/122) of the reduced fractures showed a subsequent loss of reduction.
CONCLUSIONS Minimally angulated (<10 degrees) and nondisplaced metaphyseal and diaphyseal fractures of proximal and middle phalanges of the index to little fingers are stable and therefore do not need radiographic follow-ups. However, initially angulated fractures requiring closed reduction bear a risk of subsequent loss of reduction.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

28 downloads since deposited on 04 Feb 2019
26 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 October 2019
Deposited On:04 Feb 2019 12:39
Last Modified:24 Feb 2020 08:13
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0271-6798
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/BPO.0000000000001335
PubMed ID:30628978

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'Nonarticular Base and Shaft Fractures of Children's Fingers: Are Follow-up X-rays Needed? Retrospective Study of Conservatively Treated Proximal and Middle Phalangeal Fractures'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 153kB
View at publisher