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Feynman Diagram Description of 2D-Raman-THz Spectroscopy Applied to Water


Hamm, Peter; Sidler, David (2019). Feynman Diagram Description of 2D-Raman-THz Spectroscopy Applied to Water. Journal of Chemical Physics, 150(4):044202.

Abstract

2D-Raman-THz spectroscopy of liquid water, which has been presented recently (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110, 20402 (2013)), directly probes the intermolecular degrees of freedom of the hydrogen-bond network. However, being a relatively new technique, its information content is not fully explored as to date. While the spectroscopic signal can be simulated based on molecular dynamics simulation in connection with a water force field, it is difficult to relate spectroscopic signatures to the underlying microscopic features of the force field. Here, a completely different approach is taken that starts from an as simple as possible model, i.e., a single vibrational mode with electrical and mechanical anharmonicity augmented with homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening. An intuitive Feynman diagram picture is developed for all possible pulse sequences of hybrid 2D-Raman-THz spectroscopy. It is shown that the model can explain the experimental data essentially quantitatively with a very small set of parameters, and it is tentatively concluded that the experimental signal originates from the hydrogen-bond stretching vibration around 170 cm−1. Furthermore, the echo observed in the experimental data can be quantified by fitting the model. A dominant fraction of its linewidth is attributed to quasi-inhomogeneous broadening in the slowmodulation limit with a correlation time of 370 fs, reflecting the lifetime of the hydrogen-bond networks giving rise the absorption band.

Abstract

2D-Raman-THz spectroscopy of liquid water, which has been presented recently (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110, 20402 (2013)), directly probes the intermolecular degrees of freedom of the hydrogen-bond network. However, being a relatively new technique, its information content is not fully explored as to date. While the spectroscopic signal can be simulated based on molecular dynamics simulation in connection with a water force field, it is difficult to relate spectroscopic signatures to the underlying microscopic features of the force field. Here, a completely different approach is taken that starts from an as simple as possible model, i.e., a single vibrational mode with electrical and mechanical anharmonicity augmented with homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening. An intuitive Feynman diagram picture is developed for all possible pulse sequences of hybrid 2D-Raman-THz spectroscopy. It is shown that the model can explain the experimental data essentially quantitatively with a very small set of parameters, and it is tentatively concluded that the experimental signal originates from the hydrogen-bond stretching vibration around 170 cm−1. Furthermore, the echo observed in the experimental data can be quantified by fitting the model. A dominant fraction of its linewidth is attributed to quasi-inhomogeneous broadening in the slowmodulation limit with a correlation time of 370 fs, reflecting the lifetime of the hydrogen-bond networks giving rise the absorption band.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:28 January 2019
Deposited On:05 Feb 2019 12:47
Last Modified:06 Feb 2019 02:06
Publisher:American Institute of Physics
ISSN:0021-9606
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5079497
Project Information:
  • : FunderSwiss National Science Foundation
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  • : FunderNCCR MUST
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