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Mechanisms of Crystalloid versus Colloid Osmosis across the Peritoneal Membrane


Morelle, Johann; Sow, Amadou; Fustin, Charles-André; Fillée, Catherine; Garcia-Lopez, Elvia; Lindholm, Bengt; Goffin, Eric; Vandemaele, Fréderic; Rippe, Bengt; Öberg, Carl M; Devuyst, Olivier (2018). Mechanisms of Crystalloid versus Colloid Osmosis across the Peritoneal Membrane. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), 29(7):1875-1886.

Abstract

Background Osmosis drives transcapillary ultrafiltration and water removal in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis. Crystalloid osmosis, typically induced by glucose, relies on dialysate tonicity and occurs through endothelial aquaporin-1 water channels and interendothelial clefts. In contrast, the mechanisms mediating water flow driven by colloidal agents, such as icodextrin, and combinations of osmotic agents have not been evaluated.
Methods We used experimental models of peritoneal dialysis in mouse and biophysical studies combined with mathematical modeling to evaluate the mechanisms of colloid versus crystalloid osmosis across the peritoneal membrane and to investigate the pathways mediating water flow generated by the glucose polymer icodextrin.
Results In silico modeling and in vivo studies showed that deletion of aquaporin-1 did not influence osmotic water transport induced by icodextrin but did affect that induced by crystalloid agents. Water flow induced by icodextrin was dependent upon the presence of large, colloidal fractions, with a reflection coefficient close to unity, a low diffusion capacity, and a minimal effect on dialysate osmolality. Combining crystalloid and colloid osmotic agents in the same dialysis solution strikingly enhanced water and sodium transport across the peritoneal membrane, improving ultrafiltration efficiency over that obtained with either type of agent alone.
Conclusions These data cast light on the molecular mechanisms involved in colloid versus crystalloid osmosis and characterize novel osmotic agents. Dialysis solutions combining crystalloid and colloid particles may help restore fluid balance in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis.

Abstract

Background Osmosis drives transcapillary ultrafiltration and water removal in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis. Crystalloid osmosis, typically induced by glucose, relies on dialysate tonicity and occurs through endothelial aquaporin-1 water channels and interendothelial clefts. In contrast, the mechanisms mediating water flow driven by colloidal agents, such as icodextrin, and combinations of osmotic agents have not been evaluated.
Methods We used experimental models of peritoneal dialysis in mouse and biophysical studies combined with mathematical modeling to evaluate the mechanisms of colloid versus crystalloid osmosis across the peritoneal membrane and to investigate the pathways mediating water flow generated by the glucose polymer icodextrin.
Results In silico modeling and in vivo studies showed that deletion of aquaporin-1 did not influence osmotic water transport induced by icodextrin but did affect that induced by crystalloid agents. Water flow induced by icodextrin was dependent upon the presence of large, colloidal fractions, with a reflection coefficient close to unity, a low diffusion capacity, and a minimal effect on dialysate osmolality. Combining crystalloid and colloid osmotic agents in the same dialysis solution strikingly enhanced water and sodium transport across the peritoneal membrane, improving ultrafiltration efficiency over that obtained with either type of agent alone.
Conclusions These data cast light on the molecular mechanisms involved in colloid versus crystalloid osmosis and characterize novel osmotic agents. Dialysis solutions combining crystalloid and colloid particles may help restore fluid balance in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nephrology, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 July 2018
Deposited On:12 Feb 2019 10:27
Last Modified:17 Feb 2019 06:54
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology
ISSN:1046-6673
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.2017080828

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