Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Burden of Streptococcus pneumoniae sepsis in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines - a prospective population-based cohort study


Asner, Sandra A; Agyeman, Philipp K A; Gradoux, Eugénie; Posfay-Barbe, Klara M; Heininger, Ulrich; Giannoni, Eric; Crisinel, Pierre A; Stocker, Martin; Bernhard-Stirnemann, Sara; Niederer-Loher, Anita; Kahlert, Christian R; Hasters, Paul; Relly, Christa; Baer, Walter; Aebi, Christoph; Schlapbach, Luregn J; Berger, Christoph (2019). Burden of Streptococcus pneumoniae sepsis in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines - a prospective population-based cohort study. Clinical Infectious Diseases:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Background Population-based studies assessing the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) on burden of pneumococcal sepsis in children are lacking. We aimed to assess this burden following introduction of PCV-13 in a nationwide cohort study. Methods The Swiss Pediatric Sepsis Study (09/2011-12/2015) prospectively recruited children <17 years of age with blood culture-proven sepsis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, meeting criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Infection with vaccine serotype in children up to date with PCV immunization was defined as vaccine failure. Main outcomes were admission to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and length of hospital stay (LOS). Results Children with pneumococcal sepsis (n=117) accounted for a crude incidence of 2.0 per 100,000 children (95% CI 1.7-2.4) and 25% of community-acquired sepsis episodes. Case fatality rate was 8%. 42 (36%) patients required PICU admission. Children with meningitis (29; 25%) were more often infected by serotypes not included in PCV (69% vs 31%; p<0.001). 16 (26%) of 62 children up to date with PCV immunization presented with vaccine failure, including 11 infected with serotype 3. In multivariable analyses, children with meningitis (OR 6.8; 95% C.I 2.4-19.3; p<0.001), or infected with serotype 3 (OR 2.8; 95% C.I 1.1- 7.3; p=0.04) were more often admitted to PICU. Children infected with serotype 3 had longer LOS ( coefficient 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-1.1; p=0.01). Conclusions The incidence of pneumococcal sepsis in children shortly after introduction of PCV-13 remained substantial. Meningitis mostly due to non-vaccine serotypes and disease caused by serotype 3 represented significant predictors of severity.

Abstract

Background Population-based studies assessing the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) on burden of pneumococcal sepsis in children are lacking. We aimed to assess this burden following introduction of PCV-13 in a nationwide cohort study. Methods The Swiss Pediatric Sepsis Study (09/2011-12/2015) prospectively recruited children <17 years of age with blood culture-proven sepsis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, meeting criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Infection with vaccine serotype in children up to date with PCV immunization was defined as vaccine failure. Main outcomes were admission to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and length of hospital stay (LOS). Results Children with pneumococcal sepsis (n=117) accounted for a crude incidence of 2.0 per 100,000 children (95% CI 1.7-2.4) and 25% of community-acquired sepsis episodes. Case fatality rate was 8%. 42 (36%) patients required PICU admission. Children with meningitis (29; 25%) were more often infected by serotypes not included in PCV (69% vs 31%; p<0.001). 16 (26%) of 62 children up to date with PCV immunization presented with vaccine failure, including 11 infected with serotype 3. In multivariable analyses, children with meningitis (OR 6.8; 95% C.I 2.4-19.3; p<0.001), or infected with serotype 3 (OR 2.8; 95% C.I 1.1- 7.3; p=0.04) were more often admitted to PICU. Children infected with serotype 3 had longer LOS ( coefficient 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-1.1; p=0.01). Conclusions The incidence of pneumococcal sepsis in children shortly after introduction of PCV-13 remained substantial. Meningitis mostly due to non-vaccine serotypes and disease caused by serotype 3 represented significant predictors of severity.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 12 Feb 2019
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Contributors:Swiss Paediatric Sepsis Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2 January 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2019 15:39
Last Modified:12 Feb 2019 15:52
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1058-4838
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy1139
PubMed ID:30601988

Download