Compromised lysosomal functioning has been identified as a major risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Furthermore, the association between a defined cathepsin D ( CTSD ) polymorphism and a higher risk of sporadic Alzheimer's disease has been established for particular populations. Here, we analyzed 189 children with rare neurodegenerative disease for carrying the T-allele by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. We found no statistical differences in genotype and allele frequencies between the neurodegenerative group and European descent participants of genetic studies using the Cochran-Armitage's trend test. In contrast to adult-onset neurodegenerative diseases, analysis of clinical datasets of children carrying the T-allele did not demonstrate differences to the general disease group.