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New lessons learned in T-PLL: results from a prospective phase-II trial with fludarabine-mitoxantrone-cyclophosphamide-alemtuzumab induction followed by alemtuzumab maintenance


Pflug, Natali; Cramer, Paula; Robrecht, Sandra; Bahlo, Jasmin; Westermann, Anne; Fink, Anna-Maria; Schrader, Alexandra; Mayer, Petra; Oberbeck, Sebastian; Seiler, Till; Zenz, Thorsten; Dürig, Jan; Kreuzer, Karl-Anton; Stilgenbauer, Stephan; Eichhorst, Barbara; Hallek, Michael; Herling, Marco; Hopfinger, Georg (2019). New lessons learned in T-PLL: results from a prospective phase-II trial with fludarabine-mitoxantrone-cyclophosphamide-alemtuzumab induction followed by alemtuzumab maintenance. Leukemia & Lymphoma, 60(3):649-657.

Abstract

Clinical trials in T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) are scarce. Based on a precursor study testing fludarabine, mitoxantrone, and cyclophosphamide followed by alemtuzumab (FMC-A), we aimed to improve this regimen by upfront combining subcutaneous (s.c.) alemtuzumab with FMC for four cycles followed by an alemtuzumab-maintenance (FMCA + A). This prospective multicenter phase-II trial assessed response, survival, and toxicity of that regimen administered to pretreated (n = 4) and treatment-naïve (n = 12) T-PLL patients. The best overall response rate after FMCA was 68.8% (n = 11) including five CRs (31.3%) and six PRs (37.5%). Six patients entered the alemtuzumab-maintenance. Median overall and progression-free survival was 16.7 and 11.2 months, respectively. Hematologic toxicities were the most frequent grade 3/4 side effects. A reduced incidence of CMV-reactivations was attributed to the prophylactic administration of valganciclovir. Overall, FMCA + A did not improve the efficacy of the FMC-A-regimen or of single i.v. alemtuzumab. It suggests that a chemotherapy backbone prevents efficient alemtuzumab dosing and confirms that intravenous alemtuzumab is to be preferred over its s.c. route in T-PLL. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01186640.

Abstract

Clinical trials in T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) are scarce. Based on a precursor study testing fludarabine, mitoxantrone, and cyclophosphamide followed by alemtuzumab (FMC-A), we aimed to improve this regimen by upfront combining subcutaneous (s.c.) alemtuzumab with FMC for four cycles followed by an alemtuzumab-maintenance (FMCA + A). This prospective multicenter phase-II trial assessed response, survival, and toxicity of that regimen administered to pretreated (n = 4) and treatment-naïve (n = 12) T-PLL patients. The best overall response rate after FMCA was 68.8% (n = 11) including five CRs (31.3%) and six PRs (37.5%). Six patients entered the alemtuzumab-maintenance. Median overall and progression-free survival was 16.7 and 11.2 months, respectively. Hematologic toxicities were the most frequent grade 3/4 side effects. A reduced incidence of CMV-reactivations was attributed to the prophylactic administration of valganciclovir. Overall, FMCA + A did not improve the efficacy of the FMC-A-regimen or of single i.v. alemtuzumab. It suggests that a chemotherapy backbone prevents efficient alemtuzumab dosing and confirms that intravenous alemtuzumab is to be preferred over its s.c. route in T-PLL. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01186640.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:23 February 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2019 16:46
Last Modified:04 Apr 2019 01:04
Publisher:Informa Healthcare
ISSN:1026-8022
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2018.1488253
PubMed ID:30234404

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