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Self-reported dietary flavonoid intake and serum markers of inflammation: the multiethnic cohort


Rohrmann, Sabine; Shvetsov, Yurii B; Morimoto, Yukiko; Wilkens, Lynne R; Monroe, Kristine R; Le Marchand, Loïc; Franke, Adrian A; Kolonel, Laurence N; Maskarinec, Gertraud (2018). Self-reported dietary flavonoid intake and serum markers of inflammation: the multiethnic cohort. Cancer Causes & Control, 29(6):601-607.

Abstract

PURPOSE To examine if dietary intake of foods rich in flavonoids, which have been shown to be inversely associated with chronic diseases, is associated with inflammatory processes. METHODS This analysis includes controls of case-control studies nested within the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) who completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at cohort entry. Biomarkers were assessed in blood donated during follow-up (mean = 9.6 years). We used multivariate linear regression adjusted for potential confounders to estimate associations between intake of flavanones, flavonols, and isoflavones and levels of adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α. RESULTS Among the 1,287 participants, the respective median intakes of flavanones, flavonols, and isoflavones were 26.5, 12.4, and 1.3 mg/day at cohort entry. With the exception of flavanone intake, which was statistically significantly inversely associated with adiponectin (p = 0.01) and IL-6 concentrations (p = 0.01), none of the examined flavonoids was related with levels of adipokines or inflammatory markers. Heterogeneity by ethnicity was only observed for flavonol intake and IL-10 (p = 0.04) and may be the result of multiple testing. These null findings were confirmed in a subset of participants who completed a second dietary history within 2.6 years of blood draw. CONCLUSION The current results do not support a consistent association between dietary intake of flavonoids and markers of inflammatory processes.

Abstract

PURPOSE To examine if dietary intake of foods rich in flavonoids, which have been shown to be inversely associated with chronic diseases, is associated with inflammatory processes. METHODS This analysis includes controls of case-control studies nested within the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) who completed a validated food frequency questionnaire at cohort entry. Biomarkers were assessed in blood donated during follow-up (mean = 9.6 years). We used multivariate linear regression adjusted for potential confounders to estimate associations between intake of flavanones, flavonols, and isoflavones and levels of adiponectin, leptin, C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-α. RESULTS Among the 1,287 participants, the respective median intakes of flavanones, flavonols, and isoflavones were 26.5, 12.4, and 1.3 mg/day at cohort entry. With the exception of flavanone intake, which was statistically significantly inversely associated with adiponectin (p = 0.01) and IL-6 concentrations (p = 0.01), none of the examined flavonoids was related with levels of adipokines or inflammatory markers. Heterogeneity by ethnicity was only observed for flavonol intake and IL-10 (p = 0.04) and may be the result of multiple testing. These null findings were confirmed in a subset of participants who completed a second dietary history within 2.6 years of blood draw. CONCLUSION The current results do not support a consistent association between dietary intake of flavonoids and markers of inflammatory processes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2018
Deposited On:14 Feb 2019 15:18
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:07
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0957-5243
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-018-1034-z
PubMed ID:29671182

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