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Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure and Narrow QRS Complexes


Tayal, Bhupendar; Gorcsan, John; Bax, Jeroen J; Risum, Niels; Olsen, Niels Thue; Singh, Jagmeet P; Abraham, William T; Borer, Jeffrey S; Dickstein, Kenneth; Gras, Daniel; Krum, Henry; Brugada, Josep; Robertson, Michele; Ford, Ian; Holzmeister, Johannes; Ruschitzka, Frank; Sogaard, Peter (2018). Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure and Narrow QRS Complexes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 71(12):1325-1333.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Cross correlation analysis (CCA) using tissue Doppler imaging has been shown to be associated with outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure (HF) with wide QRS. However, its significance in patients with narrow QRS treated with CRT is unknown. OBJECTIVES The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of mechanical activation delay by CCA with study outcome in patients with HF enrolled in the EchoCRT trial. METHODS Baseline CCA could be performed from tissue Doppler imaging in the apical views in 807 of 809 (99.7%) enrolled patients, and 6-month follow-up could be performed in 610 of 635 (96%) patients with available echocardiograms. Patients with a pre-specified maximal activation delay ≥35 ms were considered to have significant delay. The study outcome was HF hospitalization or death. RESULTS Of 807 patients, 375 (46%) did not have delayed mechanical activation at baseline by CCA. Patients without delayed mechanical activation who were randomized to CRT-On compared with CRT-Off had an increased risk of poor outcome (hazard ratio: 1.70; 95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 2.55; p = 0.01) with a significant interaction term (p = 0.04) between delayed mechanical activation and device randomization for the endpoint. Among patients with paired baseline and follow-up data with no events before 6-month follow-up (n = 541), new-onset delayed mechanical activation in the CRT-On group showed a significant increase in unfavorable events (hazard ratio: 3.73; 95% confidence interval: 1.15 to 12.14; p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS In the EchoCRT population, absence of delayed mechanical activation by CCA was significantly associated with poor outcomes, possibly due to the onset of new delayed mechanical activation with CRT pacing. (Echocardiography Guided Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy [EchoCRT] Trial; NCT00683696).

Abstract

BACKGROUND Cross correlation analysis (CCA) using tissue Doppler imaging has been shown to be associated with outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure (HF) with wide QRS. However, its significance in patients with narrow QRS treated with CRT is unknown. OBJECTIVES The aim of the current study was to investigate the association of mechanical activation delay by CCA with study outcome in patients with HF enrolled in the EchoCRT trial. METHODS Baseline CCA could be performed from tissue Doppler imaging in the apical views in 807 of 809 (99.7%) enrolled patients, and 6-month follow-up could be performed in 610 of 635 (96%) patients with available echocardiograms. Patients with a pre-specified maximal activation delay ≥35 ms were considered to have significant delay. The study outcome was HF hospitalization or death. RESULTS Of 807 patients, 375 (46%) did not have delayed mechanical activation at baseline by CCA. Patients without delayed mechanical activation who were randomized to CRT-On compared with CRT-Off had an increased risk of poor outcome (hazard ratio: 1.70; 95% confidence interval: 1.13 to 2.55; p = 0.01) with a significant interaction term (p = 0.04) between delayed mechanical activation and device randomization for the endpoint. Among patients with paired baseline and follow-up data with no events before 6-month follow-up (n = 541), new-onset delayed mechanical activation in the CRT-On group showed a significant increase in unfavorable events (hazard ratio: 3.73; 95% confidence interval: 1.15 to 12.14; p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS In the EchoCRT population, absence of delayed mechanical activation by CCA was significantly associated with poor outcomes, possibly due to the onset of new delayed mechanical activation with CRT pacing. (Echocardiography Guided Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy [EchoCRT] Trial; NCT00683696).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 March 2018
Deposited On:15 Feb 2019 10:02
Last Modified:16 Feb 2019 08:39
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0735-1097
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.01.042
PubMed ID:29566816

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