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Optimizing highly noncoplanar VMAT trajectories: the NoVo method


Langhans, Marco; Unkelbach, Jan; Bortfeld, Thomas; Craft, David (2018). Optimizing highly noncoplanar VMAT trajectories: the NoVo method. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 63(2):025023.

Abstract

We introduce a new method called NoVo (Noncoplanar VMAT Optimization) to produce volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment plans with noncoplanar trajectories. While the use of noncoplanar beam arrangements for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and in particular high fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), is common, noncoplanar beam trajectories for VMAT are less common as the availability of treatment machines handling these is limited. For both IMRT and VMAT, the beam angle selection problem is highly nonconvex in nature, which is why automated beam angle selection procedures have not entered mainstream clinical usage. NoVo determines a noncoplanar VMAT solution (i.e. the simultaneous trajectories of the gantry and the couch) by first computing a [Formula: see text] solution (beams from every possible direction, suitably discretized) and then eliminating beams by examing fluence contributions. Also all beam angles are scored via geometrical considerations only to find out the usefulness of the whole beam space in a very short time. A custom path finding algorithm is applied to find an optimized, continuous trajectory through the most promising beam angles using the calculated score of the beam space. Finally, using this trajectory a VMAT plan is optimized. For three clinical cases, a lung, brain, and liver case, we compare NoVo to the ideal [Formula: see text] solution, nine beam noncoplanar IMRT, coplanar VMAT, and a recently published noncoplanar VMAT algorithm. NoVo comes closest to the [Formula: see text] solution considering the lung case (brain and liver case: second), as well as improving the solution time by using geometrical considerations, followed by a time effective iterative process reducing the [Formula: see text] solution. Compared to a recently published noncoplanar VMAT algorithm, using NoVo the computation time is reduced by a factor of 2-3 (depending on the case). Compared to coplanar VMAT, NoVo reduces the objective function value by 24%, 49% and 6% for the lung, brain and liver cases, respectively.

Abstract

We introduce a new method called NoVo (Noncoplanar VMAT Optimization) to produce volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment plans with noncoplanar trajectories. While the use of noncoplanar beam arrangements for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and in particular high fraction stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), is common, noncoplanar beam trajectories for VMAT are less common as the availability of treatment machines handling these is limited. For both IMRT and VMAT, the beam angle selection problem is highly nonconvex in nature, which is why automated beam angle selection procedures have not entered mainstream clinical usage. NoVo determines a noncoplanar VMAT solution (i.e. the simultaneous trajectories of the gantry and the couch) by first computing a [Formula: see text] solution (beams from every possible direction, suitably discretized) and then eliminating beams by examing fluence contributions. Also all beam angles are scored via geometrical considerations only to find out the usefulness of the whole beam space in a very short time. A custom path finding algorithm is applied to find an optimized, continuous trajectory through the most promising beam angles using the calculated score of the beam space. Finally, using this trajectory a VMAT plan is optimized. For three clinical cases, a lung, brain, and liver case, we compare NoVo to the ideal [Formula: see text] solution, nine beam noncoplanar IMRT, coplanar VMAT, and a recently published noncoplanar VMAT algorithm. NoVo comes closest to the [Formula: see text] solution considering the lung case (brain and liver case: second), as well as improving the solution time by using geometrical considerations, followed by a time effective iterative process reducing the [Formula: see text] solution. Compared to a recently published noncoplanar VMAT algorithm, using NoVo the computation time is reduced by a factor of 2-3 (depending on the case). Compared to coplanar VMAT, NoVo reduces the objective function value by 24%, 49% and 6% for the lung, brain and liver cases, respectively.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:16 January 2018
Deposited On:06 Mar 2019 16:21
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:08
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN:0031-9155
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/aaa36d
PubMed ID:29336348

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