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Usefulness of a clinical risk score to predict the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Almost 1/3 of heart failure patients fail to respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A simple clinical score to predict who these patients are at the moment of referral or at time of implant may be of importance for early optimization of their management.
METHODS
Observational study. A risk score was derived from factors associated to CRT response. The derivation cohort was composed of 1301 patients implanted with a CRT defibrillator in a multi-center French cohort-study. External validation of this score and assessment of its association with CRT response and all-cause mortality and/or heart transplant was performed in 1959 CRT patients implanted in 4 high-volume European centers.
RESULTS
Independent predictors of CRT response in the derivation cohort were: female gender (OR = 2.08, 95% CI 1.26-3.45), NYHA class ≤ III (OR = 2.71, 95% CI 1.63-4.52), left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 25% (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.27-2.41), QRS duration ≥ 150 ms (OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.25-2.30) and estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min (OR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.48-2.72). Each was assigned 1 point. External validation showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test-P = 0.95), accuracy (Brier score = 0.19) and discrimination (c-statistic = 0.67), with CRT response increasing progressively from 37.5% in patients with a score of 0 to 91.9% among those with score of 5 (Gamma for trend = 0.44, P < 0.001). Similar results were observed regarding all-cause mortality or heart transplant.
CONCLUSION
The ScREEN score (Sex category, Renal function, ECG/QRS width, Ejection fraction and NYHA class) is composed of widely validated, easy to obtain predictors of CRT response, and predicts CRT response and overall mortality. It should be helpful in facilitating early consideration of alternative therapies for predicted non-responders to CRT therapy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Almost 1/3 of heart failure patients fail to respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A simple clinical score to predict who these patients are at the moment of referral or at time of implant may be of importance for early optimization of their management.
METHODS
Observational study. A risk score was derived from factors associated to CRT response. The derivation cohort was composed of 1301 patients implanted with a CRT defibrillator in a multi-center French cohort-study. External validation of this score and assessment of its association with CRT response and all-cause mortality and/or heart transplant was performed in 1959 CRT patients implanted in 4 high-volume European centers.
RESULTS
Independent predictors of CRT response in the derivation cohort were: female gender (OR = 2.08, 95% CI 1.26-3.45), NYHA class ≤ III (OR = 2.71, 95% CI 1.63-4.52), left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 25% (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.27-2.41), QRS duration ≥ 150 ms (OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.25-2.30) and estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min (OR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.48-2.72). Each was assigned 1 point. External validation showed good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test-P = 0.95), accuracy (Brier score = 0.19) and discrimination (c-statistic = 0.67), with CRT response increasing progressively from 37.5% in patients with a score of 0 to 91.9% among those with score of 5 (Gamma for trend = 0.44, P < 0.001). Similar results were observed regarding all-cause mortality or heart transplant.
CONCLUSION
The ScREEN score (Sex category, Renal function, ECG/QRS width, Ejection fraction and NYHA class) is composed of widely validated, easy to obtain predictors of CRT response, and predicts CRT response and overall mortality. It should be helpful in facilitating early consideration of alternative therapies for predicted non-responders to CRT therapy.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:DAI-PP Investigators
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 June 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 14:26
Last Modified:22 Feb 2019 14:27
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-5273
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.02.012
PubMed ID:29622458

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