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The catalytic function of the gephyrin-binding protein IQSEC3 regulates neurotransmitter-specific matching of pre- and post-synaptic structures in primary hippocampal cultures


Früh, Simon; Tyagarajan, Shiva K; Campbell, Benjamin; Bosshard, Giovanna; Fritschy, Jean-Marc (2018). The catalytic function of the gephyrin-binding protein IQSEC3 regulates neurotransmitter-specific matching of pre- and post-synaptic structures in primary hippocampal cultures. Journal of Neurochemistry, 147(4):477-494.

Abstract

In dissociated neuronal cultures the absence of spatial and temporal cues causes the emergence of mismatched synapses, where post-synaptic proteins of GABAergic synapses are in part apposed to glutamatergic pre-synaptic terminals and vice versa. This mismatch offers an opportunity to study the mechanisms that regulate correct apposition of pre- and post-synaptic elements. We report here that the IQ motif and Sec7 domain-containing protein 3 (IQSEC3; BRAG3; synArfGEF) specifically regulates the mislocalization of GABAergic post-synaptic density (PSD) proteins. Over-expression of IQSEC3 constructs harboring mutations that ablate Sec7 domain or IQ motif function revealed that IQSEC3 catalytic activity is involved in the control of apposition between the GABAergic PSD and glutamatergic terminals. Neurons co-expressing eGFP-gephyrin with IQSEC3 Sec7 mutant displayed a drastically increased fraction of mismatched eGFP-gephyrin clusters compared to other IQSEC3 constructs. Along with eGFP-gephyrin, endogenous GABA receptor cluster mismatching was increased by IQSEC3 Sec7 mutant over-expression. Conversely, GFP-PSD-95 clusters were unaffected by over-expression of any IQSEC3 construct. The GABAergic PSD mismatch phenotype was recapitulated by Arf6 dominant-negative mutant over-expression, suggesting that Arf6 activation by IQSEC3 is an essential step in this pathway. In addition, we provide biochemical evidence to confirm gephyrin/IQSEC3 interaction near the IQSEC3 IQ motif, which in turn binds calmodulin at low Ca concentrations. Taken together, our findings identify a post-synaptic protein which specifically regulates correct apposition of the GABAergic PSD to pre-synaptic terminals.

Abstract

In dissociated neuronal cultures the absence of spatial and temporal cues causes the emergence of mismatched synapses, where post-synaptic proteins of GABAergic synapses are in part apposed to glutamatergic pre-synaptic terminals and vice versa. This mismatch offers an opportunity to study the mechanisms that regulate correct apposition of pre- and post-synaptic elements. We report here that the IQ motif and Sec7 domain-containing protein 3 (IQSEC3; BRAG3; synArfGEF) specifically regulates the mislocalization of GABAergic post-synaptic density (PSD) proteins. Over-expression of IQSEC3 constructs harboring mutations that ablate Sec7 domain or IQ motif function revealed that IQSEC3 catalytic activity is involved in the control of apposition between the GABAergic PSD and glutamatergic terminals. Neurons co-expressing eGFP-gephyrin with IQSEC3 Sec7 mutant displayed a drastically increased fraction of mismatched eGFP-gephyrin clusters compared to other IQSEC3 constructs. Along with eGFP-gephyrin, endogenous GABA receptor cluster mismatching was increased by IQSEC3 Sec7 mutant over-expression. Conversely, GFP-PSD-95 clusters were unaffected by over-expression of any IQSEC3 construct. The GABAergic PSD mismatch phenotype was recapitulated by Arf6 dominant-negative mutant over-expression, suggesting that Arf6 activation by IQSEC3 is an essential step in this pathway. In addition, we provide biochemical evidence to confirm gephyrin/IQSEC3 interaction near the IQSEC3 IQ motif, which in turn binds calmodulin at low Ca concentrations. Taken together, our findings identify a post-synaptic protein which specifically regulates correct apposition of the GABAergic PSD to pre-synaptic terminals.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 16:17
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:08
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-3042
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14572
PubMed ID:30142695

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