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Der p 1-specific regulatory T-cell response during house dust mite allergen immunotherapy


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only available treatment for allergic diseases that can induce specific immune tolerance to allergens. The key mechanisms involved in this process include changes in allergen-specific regulatory T (Treg) cells. METHODS: We studied 25 allergic rhinitis patients undergoing subcutaneous house dust mite-specific immunotherapy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were studied before and after 10, 30 weeks, and 3 years of AIT. Der p 1-specific T regulatory cell responses were investigated by characterization of Der p 1-MHC class II tetramer-positive cells and correlated with nasal symptom score. RESULTS: Twelve of 25 AIT patients matched with their MHC class II expression to the Der p 1 peptide-MHC class II tetramers. A significant increase in the numbers of Der p 1-specific FOXP3+ Helios+ CD25+ CD127- Treg cells after 30 weeks was observed, which slightly decreased after 3 years of AIT. In contrast, Der p 1-specific immunoglobulin-like transcript 3 (ILT3)+ CD25+ Treg cells decreased substantially from baseline after 3 years of AIT. ILT3+ Treg cells displayed compromised suppressive function and low FOXP3 expression. In addition, Der p 1-specific IL-10 and IL-22 responses have increased after 30 weeks, but only IL-10+ Der p 1-specific Treg cells remained present at high frequency after 3 years of AIT. Increased number of FOXP3+ Helios+ and IL-10+ and decreased ILT3+ Treg cell responses correlated with improved allergic symptoms. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that AIT involves upregulation of the activated allergen-specific Treg cells and downregulation of dysfunctional allergen-specific Treg cell subset. Correction of dysregulated Treg cells responses during AIT is associated with improved clinical response.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only available treatment for allergic diseases that can induce specific immune tolerance to allergens. The key mechanisms involved in this process include changes in allergen-specific regulatory T (Treg) cells. METHODS: We studied 25 allergic rhinitis patients undergoing subcutaneous house dust mite-specific immunotherapy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were studied before and after 10, 30 weeks, and 3 years of AIT. Der p 1-specific T regulatory cell responses were investigated by characterization of Der p 1-MHC class II tetramer-positive cells and correlated with nasal symptom score. RESULTS: Twelve of 25 AIT patients matched with their MHC class II expression to the Der p 1 peptide-MHC class II tetramers. A significant increase in the numbers of Der p 1-specific FOXP3+ Helios+ CD25+ CD127- Treg cells after 30 weeks was observed, which slightly decreased after 3 years of AIT. In contrast, Der p 1-specific immunoglobulin-like transcript 3 (ILT3)+ CD25+ Treg cells decreased substantially from baseline after 3 years of AIT. ILT3+ Treg cells displayed compromised suppressive function and low FOXP3 expression. In addition, Der p 1-specific IL-10 and IL-22 responses have increased after 30 weeks, but only IL-10+ Der p 1-specific Treg cells remained present at high frequency after 3 years of AIT. Increased number of FOXP3+ Helios+ and IL-10+ and decreased ILT3+ Treg cell responses correlated with improved allergic symptoms. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that AIT involves upregulation of the activated allergen-specific Treg cells and downregulation of dysfunctional allergen-specific Treg cell subset. Correction of dysregulated Treg cells responses during AIT is associated with improved clinical response.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Immunology, Immunology and Allergy
Language:English
Date:1 May 2019
Deposited On:15 Feb 2019 10:32
Last Modified:29 Sep 2019 05:56
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0105-4538
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/all.13684
PubMed ID:30485456

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