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Effect of Cyclic Fatigue Tests on Aging and Their Translational Implications for Survival of All-Ceramic Tooth-Borne Single Crowns and Fixed Dental Prostheses


Özcan, Mutlu; Jonasch, Moritz (2018). Effect of Cyclic Fatigue Tests on Aging and Their Translational Implications for Survival of All-Ceramic Tooth-Borne Single Crowns and Fixed Dental Prostheses. Journal of Prosthodontics, 27(4):364-375.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The objective of this systematic review was to elaborate the aging effect of cyclic fatigue tests on mechanical durability of all-ceramic single crowns and fixed dental prostheses (FDP).

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Original scientific papers published in the MEDLINE (PubMed) database in English between 01/01/1950 and 12/31/2013 on cyclic loading on all-ceramics were included in this systematic review. The following MeSH terms, search terms, and their combinations were used: "in vitro," "stress mechanical," "crowns," "denture, partial, fixed," "dentistry," "fatigue," "all-ceramic," "zirconia," "fixed dental prosthesis," "FDP," "bridges," and "cyclic loading." Two reviewers performed screening and analyzed the data. Only the studies that reported on both static fracture strength and static fracture after fatigue of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs that allowed comparison of aging effect through cyclic loading were included.

RESULTS
The selection process resulted in a final sample of 14 journal articles. In total, 9 articles were identified related to all-ceramic single crowns, 3 of which were on anterior and 6 on posterior crowns, and 5 articles on 3-unit FDPs, all of which were on posterior FDPs. Fatigue cycles varied between minimum of 1000 to maximum 1,200,000 cycles for crowns and 10,000 to 2,000,000 cycles for 3-unit FDPs. The applied force during cyclic loading varied between 20 to 300 N for single crowns and 49 to 200 N for 3-unit FDPs. For the 3-unit FDPs, fracture strength results showed slightly decreased values after cyclic loading (659 ± 182 to 2333 ± 183 N) compared to static loading only (841 ± 244 to 2434 ± 154 N). For crowns similar trends were not observed, but cyclic loading decreased the fracture strength in only some materials after cyclic loading (659 ± 182 to 2333 ± 183 N) compared to static loading only (395 ± 96 to 2726 N).

CONCLUSIONS
An inclination for decreased static fracture strength could be observed after cyclic loading of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs, but this was material specific. Due to the heterogeneity of data such as aging, loading conditions, and fewer experimental groups, statistical analysis could not be performed. Cyclic loading tests require more standardized guidelines for testing and reporting.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The objective of this systematic review was to elaborate the aging effect of cyclic fatigue tests on mechanical durability of all-ceramic single crowns and fixed dental prostheses (FDP).

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Original scientific papers published in the MEDLINE (PubMed) database in English between 01/01/1950 and 12/31/2013 on cyclic loading on all-ceramics were included in this systematic review. The following MeSH terms, search terms, and their combinations were used: "in vitro," "stress mechanical," "crowns," "denture, partial, fixed," "dentistry," "fatigue," "all-ceramic," "zirconia," "fixed dental prosthesis," "FDP," "bridges," and "cyclic loading." Two reviewers performed screening and analyzed the data. Only the studies that reported on both static fracture strength and static fracture after fatigue of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs that allowed comparison of aging effect through cyclic loading were included.

RESULTS
The selection process resulted in a final sample of 14 journal articles. In total, 9 articles were identified related to all-ceramic single crowns, 3 of which were on anterior and 6 on posterior crowns, and 5 articles on 3-unit FDPs, all of which were on posterior FDPs. Fatigue cycles varied between minimum of 1000 to maximum 1,200,000 cycles for crowns and 10,000 to 2,000,000 cycles for 3-unit FDPs. The applied force during cyclic loading varied between 20 to 300 N for single crowns and 49 to 200 N for 3-unit FDPs. For the 3-unit FDPs, fracture strength results showed slightly decreased values after cyclic loading (659 ± 182 to 2333 ± 183 N) compared to static loading only (841 ± 244 to 2434 ± 154 N). For crowns similar trends were not observed, but cyclic loading decreased the fracture strength in only some materials after cyclic loading (659 ± 182 to 2333 ± 183 N) compared to static loading only (395 ± 96 to 2726 N).

CONCLUSIONS
An inclination for decreased static fracture strength could be observed after cyclic loading of all-ceramic single crowns and FDPs, but this was material specific. Due to the heterogeneity of data such as aging, loading conditions, and fewer experimental groups, statistical analysis could not be performed. Cyclic loading tests require more standardized guidelines for testing and reporting.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Reconstructive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2018
Deposited On:25 Jan 2019 15:46
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:08
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1059-941X
Additional Information:This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Özcan, M et al: Journal of Prosthodontics, 27: 364-375. , which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12566. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. (http://www.wileyauthors.com/self-archiving)
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12566
PubMed ID:27880023

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