STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Limited information is available on the precision of new metal processing technologies.
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal and internal fit of pre-sintered cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) and zirconia 3-unit fixed dental prostheses using x-ray microcomputed tomography.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Three-unit fixed dental prostheses were prepared on metal dies (N=12) using a typodont model from the maxillary first premolar to the first molar. A standardized preparation with a 1.2-mm chamfer (360 degrees) and a 2-mm occlusal reduction was prepared on abutment teeth. The dies were scanned and divided into 2 groups to receive the fixed dental prostheses (n=6) made of pre-sintered Co-Cr and pre-sintered zirconia. Each framework was seated on its cast, and marginal and internal discrepancies were measured at 9 points, starting from the most distal point from the pontic for the maxillary first premolar and the first molar (points 1-4, mesial; point 5, occlusal; points 6-9, distal) of each abutment tooth using microcomputed tomography. The data were analyzed using the Levene test, t test, and ANOVA (α=.05).
When overall mean discrepancy values were compared, no significant difference was observed between pre-sintered Co-Cr and pre-sintered zirconia (P=.085). Discrepancy values for points 1, 2, and 3 were significantly different for pre-sintered Co-Cr and pre-sintered zirconia, with the lowest mean values for point 1 and the highest for point 5. On the abutment tooth basis, for the maxillary first premolar and the first molar, a significant difference was found only in points 6 (P<.001) and 8 (P<.003) for both materials. When the discrepancies for the maxillary first premolar were considered for pre-sintered Co-Cr and pre-sintered zirconia, the mean values were significantly different only at points 1 (P<.001), 2 (P=.007), and 3 (P=.003) and were smaller for pre-sintered zirconia. For the tooth the first molar, a significant difference was observed at point 2 (P=.002) and point 3 (P=.008) for both materials, where the mean values were higher for pre-sintered Co-Cr than for pre-sintered zirconia. The pairwise comparison between points showed a significant difference between measurement points within each material (P<.05). The increase in values between points 1 and 5 was evident for both pre-sintered Co-Cr and pre-sintered zirconia materials.
Three-unit fixed dental prostheses made of pre-sintered Co-Cr or zirconia showed similar marginal and internal discrepancy values, with the highest discrepancy values at the occlusal region in both the first premolar and first molar.