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A cognitive model for routing in agent-based modelling


Grübel, Jascha; Wise, Sarah; Thrash, Tyler; Hölscher, Christoph (2018). A cognitive model for routing in agent-based modelling. In: 4th Symposium on Modelling and Simulation in Computer Sciences and Engineering, Rhodos (Greece), 13 September 2018 - 18 September 2018.

Abstract

Agent-based modelling (ABM) can be used as a computational tool to model human routing behaviour, and offers particular promise when combined with insights from cognitive science. In this paper, we introduce typical errors into the encoding of the agents mental representation of the environment. This method deviates from the classical computer science paradigm of optimality to capture human behaviour more accurately. By incorporating common distance and direction estimation errors, our model produces routes with fewer computational artefacts such as zigzagging (i.e., turning more often than the typical human) and bottlenecks (i.e., routing through one particular node that maximises eciency).We demonstrate our results in regular and irregular environments and validate our model using a set of real-world footfall data from Westminster, London.

Abstract

Agent-based modelling (ABM) can be used as a computational tool to model human routing behaviour, and offers particular promise when combined with insights from cognitive science. In this paper, we introduce typical errors into the encoding of the agents mental representation of the environment. This method deviates from the classical computer science paradigm of optimality to capture human behaviour more accurately. By incorporating common distance and direction estimation errors, our model produces routes with fewer computational artefacts such as zigzagging (i.e., turning more often than the typical human) and bottlenecks (i.e., routing through one particular node that maximises eciency).We demonstrate our results in regular and irregular environments and validate our model using a set of real-world footfall data from Westminster, London.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Event End Date:18 September 2018
Deposited On:25 Jan 2019 13:59
Last Modified:25 Jan 2019 14:01
Publisher:ICNAAM
Additional Information:Symposium integrated in: 16th International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics (ICNAAM 2018)
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://sites.google.com/site/mscse2018/

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