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Continuous Direct Left Atrial Pressure: Intraprocedural Measurement Predicts Clinical Response Following MitraClip Therapy


Kuwata, Shingo; Taramasso, Maurizio; Czopak, Albert; Luciani, Marco; Pozzoli, Alberto; Ho, Edwin; Ferrero Guadagnoli, Adolfo; Saccocci, Matteo; Gaemperli, Oliver; Nietlispach, Fabian; Zuber, Michel; Feldman, Ted; Maisano, Francesco (2019). Continuous Direct Left Atrial Pressure: Intraprocedural Measurement Predicts Clinical Response Following MitraClip Therapy. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions, 12(2):127-139.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the additional utility of measuring left atrial (LA) pressure as a complement to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and Doppler imaging.
BACKGROUND The efficacy of the MitraClip (MC) is assessed intraoperatively by TEE. However, TEE measures are operator dependent and can be influenced by left ventricular (LV) function and changes in LA compliance.
METHODS Fifty patients undergoing MC therapy with continuous left-sided heart pressure measurements were analyzed. LA V-wave pressure (LAvP), LA mean pressure (LAmP), LV systolic pressure, and LV end-diastolic pressure were measured continuously. LA pressures were indexed to LV pressures to account for changes in afterload during the procedure.
RESULTS Most patients (70%) had degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). TEE MR grade decreased from 3+ to 0+. LAvP (p < 0.001), LAmP (p = 0.007), LV end-diastolic pressure (p = 0.001), LAvP index (p < 0.001), and LAmP index (p = 0.001) decreased significantly, and LV systolic pressure(p = 0.009) significantly increased after MC therapy. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, intraprocedural increase of LAmP index, but not post-MC ≥2+ residual MR, was significantly associated with rehospitalization due to heart failure (hazard ratio: 3.377; 95% CI: 3.180 to 3.585; p = 0.007) and with New York Heart Association functional class III to IV (hazard ratio: 1.497; 95% CI: 1.006 to 2.102; p = 0.005) in the follow-up period.
CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates the value of real-time monitoring of LA pressure during MC therapy to predict clinical outcomes. An increase in LAmP was a predictive of worse clinical outcomes at short-term follow-up, independent from echocardiographic findings.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the additional utility of measuring left atrial (LA) pressure as a complement to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and Doppler imaging.
BACKGROUND The efficacy of the MitraClip (MC) is assessed intraoperatively by TEE. However, TEE measures are operator dependent and can be influenced by left ventricular (LV) function and changes in LA compliance.
METHODS Fifty patients undergoing MC therapy with continuous left-sided heart pressure measurements were analyzed. LA V-wave pressure (LAvP), LA mean pressure (LAmP), LV systolic pressure, and LV end-diastolic pressure were measured continuously. LA pressures were indexed to LV pressures to account for changes in afterload during the procedure.
RESULTS Most patients (70%) had degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). TEE MR grade decreased from 3+ to 0+. LAvP (p < 0.001), LAmP (p = 0.007), LV end-diastolic pressure (p = 0.001), LAvP index (p < 0.001), and LAmP index (p = 0.001) decreased significantly, and LV systolic pressure(p = 0.009) significantly increased after MC therapy. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, intraprocedural increase of LAmP index, but not post-MC ≥2+ residual MR, was significantly associated with rehospitalization due to heart failure (hazard ratio: 3.377; 95% CI: 3.180 to 3.585; p = 0.007) and with New York Heart Association functional class III to IV (hazard ratio: 1.497; 95% CI: 1.006 to 2.102; p = 0.005) in the follow-up period.
CONCLUSIONS This study demonstrates the value of real-time monitoring of LA pressure during MC therapy to predict clinical outcomes. An increase in LAmP was a predictive of worse clinical outcomes at short-term follow-up, independent from echocardiographic findings.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:MitraClip; mitral regurgitation mitral valve transcatheter mitral valve repair
Language:English
Date:21 December 2019
Deposited On:21 Feb 2019 09:53
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:16
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1876-7605
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2018.07.051
PubMed ID:30594511

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