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Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: what, when, why, for whom?


Mestres, Carlos A; Bartel, Thomas; Sorgente, Antonio; Müller, Silvana; Gruner, Christiane; Dearani, Joseph; Quintana, Eduard (2018). Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: what, when, why, for whom? European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 53(4):700-707.

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common genetic cardiovascular disorder and is associated with symptoms of heart failure and increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The most common condition is obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. Surgical septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation are the 2 accepted modes of septal reduction therapy and are indicated when there are advanced symptoms and a peak left ventricular outflow gradient ≥50 mmHg. Advantages of alcohol septal ablation are limited groin approach, reduction of obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract and functional improvement, but there are higher chances for intracardiac device implantation and residual obstruction. Septal myectomy offers very low mortality, absolute and immediate resolution of obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract and survival comparative to a matched general population with almost negligible residual obstruction. It is recommended that patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy should be treated at experienced centres.

Abstract

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common genetic cardiovascular disorder and is associated with symptoms of heart failure and increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The most common condition is obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. Surgical septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation are the 2 accepted modes of septal reduction therapy and are indicated when there are advanced symptoms and a peak left ventricular outflow gradient ≥50 mmHg. Advantages of alcohol septal ablation are limited groin approach, reduction of obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract and functional improvement, but there are higher chances for intracardiac device implantation and residual obstruction. Septal myectomy offers very low mortality, absolute and immediate resolution of obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract and survival comparative to a matched general population with almost negligible residual obstruction. It is recommended that patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy should be treated at experienced centres.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Vascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 April 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 07:15
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:35
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy020
PubMed ID:29438530

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