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Lung volume reduction surgery beyond the NETT selection criteria


Caviezel, Claudio; Schneiter, Didier; Opitz, Isabelle; Weder, Walter (2018). Lung volume reduction surgery beyond the NETT selection criteria. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 10(Suppl 23):S2748-S2753.

Abstract

Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for symptomatic patients with advanced emphysema was proven to be successful in a large randomized multi-center trial (NETT) and in several smaller randomized single center trials. This evidence primarily concerns patients with heterogeneous, upper-lobe predominant emphysema and low exercise tolerance within certain selection criteria regarding lung function values. As the most important effect of LVRS is generated by reducing the hyperinflation, even patients with homogeneous emphysema morphology profit from the procedure. Simultaneously, by removing distended and functionless areas in heterogeneous emphysema, also patients with seriously impaired diffusion capacity, moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension, a history of previous LVRS and alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency (AATD) can be considered as candidates for (re-)-LVRS. This article summarizes indications for LVRS in these various subtypes of emphysema patients.

Abstract

Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for symptomatic patients with advanced emphysema was proven to be successful in a large randomized multi-center trial (NETT) and in several smaller randomized single center trials. This evidence primarily concerns patients with heterogeneous, upper-lobe predominant emphysema and low exercise tolerance within certain selection criteria regarding lung function values. As the most important effect of LVRS is generated by reducing the hyperinflation, even patients with homogeneous emphysema morphology profit from the procedure. Simultaneously, by removing distended and functionless areas in heterogeneous emphysema, also patients with seriously impaired diffusion capacity, moderate pulmonary arterial hypertension, a history of previous LVRS and alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency (AATD) can be considered as candidates for (re-)-LVRS. This article summarizes indications for LVRS in these various subtypes of emphysema patients.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Language:German
Date:August 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 07:25
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:35
Publisher:AME Publishing Company
ISSN:2072-1439
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.08.93
PubMed ID:30210828

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