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The Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI®) is a Novel Cost Assessment Tool for Surgical Procedures


Staiger, Roxane D; Cimino, Matteo; Javed, Ammar; Biondo, Sebastiano; Fondevila, Constantino; Périnel, Julie; Aragão, Ana Carolina; Torzilli, Guido; Wolfgang, Christopher; Adham, Mustapha; Pinto-Marques, Hugo; Dutkowski, Philipp; Puhan, Milo A; Clavien, Pierre-Alain (2018). The Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI®) is a Novel Cost Assessment Tool for Surgical Procedures. Annals of Surgery, 268(5):784-791.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify a readily available, reproducible, and internationally applicable cost assessment tool for surgical procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Strong economic pressure exists worldwide to slow down the rising of health care costs. Postoperative morbidity significantly impacts on cost in surgical patients. The comprehensive complication index (CCI), reflecting overall postoperative morbidity, may therefore serve as a new marker for cost. METHODS Postoperative complications and total costs from a single tertiary center were prospectively collected (2014 to 2016) up to 3 months after surgery for a variety of abdominal procedures (n = 1388). CCI was used to quantify overall postoperative morbidity. Pearson correlation coefficient (rpears) was calculated for cost and CCI. For cost prediction, a linear regression model based on CCI, age, and type of surgery was developed and validated in an international cohort of patients. RESULTS We found a high correlation between CCI and overall cost (rpears = 0.75) with the strongest correlation for more complex procedures. The prediction model performed very well (R = 0.82); each 10-point increase in CCI corresponded to a 14% increase to the baseline cost. Additional 12% of baseline cost must be added for patients older than 50 years, or 24% for those over 70 years. The validation cohorts showed a good match of predicted and observed cost. CONCLUSION Overall postoperative morbidity correlates highly with cost. The CCI together with the type of surgery and patient age is a novel and reliable predictor of expenses in surgical patients. This finding may enable objective cost comparisons among centers, procedures, or over time obviating the need to look at complex country-specific cost calculations (www.assessurgery.com).

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify a readily available, reproducible, and internationally applicable cost assessment tool for surgical procedures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Strong economic pressure exists worldwide to slow down the rising of health care costs. Postoperative morbidity significantly impacts on cost in surgical patients. The comprehensive complication index (CCI), reflecting overall postoperative morbidity, may therefore serve as a new marker for cost. METHODS Postoperative complications and total costs from a single tertiary center were prospectively collected (2014 to 2016) up to 3 months after surgery for a variety of abdominal procedures (n = 1388). CCI was used to quantify overall postoperative morbidity. Pearson correlation coefficient (rpears) was calculated for cost and CCI. For cost prediction, a linear regression model based on CCI, age, and type of surgery was developed and validated in an international cohort of patients. RESULTS We found a high correlation between CCI and overall cost (rpears = 0.75) with the strongest correlation for more complex procedures. The prediction model performed very well (R = 0.82); each 10-point increase in CCI corresponded to a 14% increase to the baseline cost. Additional 12% of baseline cost must be added for patients older than 50 years, or 24% for those over 70 years. The validation cohorts showed a good match of predicted and observed cost. CONCLUSION Overall postoperative morbidity correlates highly with cost. The CCI together with the type of surgery and patient age is a novel and reliable predictor of expenses in surgical patients. This finding may enable objective cost comparisons among centers, procedures, or over time obviating the need to look at complex country-specific cost calculations (www.assessurgery.com).

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Language:English
Date:November 2018
Deposited On:31 Jan 2019 09:25
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:38
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0003-4932
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000002902
PubMed ID:30272585

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