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The Role of Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Diagnosis of Primary Cholesteatoma and Cholesteatoma Recidivism as an Adjunct to Clinical Evaluation


Laske, Roman D; Roth, Thomas N; Baráth, Krisztina; Schuknecht, Bernhard; Huber, Alexander M; Röösli, Christof (2018). The Role of Non-Echoplanar Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Diagnosis of Primary Cholesteatoma and Cholesteatoma Recidivism as an Adjunct to Clinical Evaluation. Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology, 127(12):919-925.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION::
The aim of this study was to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of non-echoplanar (non-EPI) diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of cholesteatoma, with a focus on its value as an adjunct to clinical examination.
METHODS::
In a prospective cohort study, 92 cases were divided into 2 groups: "clinically cholesteatoma" ( n = 79) and "clinically no cholesteatoma" ( n = 13). Non-EPI DW MRI was performed preoperatively in all cases. The presence of a cholesteatoma was assessed by clinicians otoscopically, by neuroradiologists on non-EPI DW MRI, by the surgeon intraoperatively, and finally by the pathologist postoperatively. Data analysis was performed for specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and interrater variability.
RESULTS::
The sensitivity and specificity were 89.3% and 75%, respectively, in the "clinically cholesteatoma" group and 0% and 100% in the "clinically no cholesteatoma" group. Non-EPI DW MRI had a positive predictive value of 98.5% when cholesteatoma was suspected clinically and a negative predictive value of 84.6% when cholesteatoma was not suspected clinically.
CONCLUSION::
If cholesteatoma is suspected clinically, non-EPI DW MRI is not necessary. If there is no clinical suspicion of cholesteatoma in second-look situations, sensitivity is low and serial follow-up MRI with long intervals is advised.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION::
The aim of this study was to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of non-echoplanar (non-EPI) diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of cholesteatoma, with a focus on its value as an adjunct to clinical examination.
METHODS::
In a prospective cohort study, 92 cases were divided into 2 groups: "clinically cholesteatoma" ( n = 79) and "clinically no cholesteatoma" ( n = 13). Non-EPI DW MRI was performed preoperatively in all cases. The presence of a cholesteatoma was assessed by clinicians otoscopically, by neuroradiologists on non-EPI DW MRI, by the surgeon intraoperatively, and finally by the pathologist postoperatively. Data analysis was performed for specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and interrater variability.
RESULTS::
The sensitivity and specificity were 89.3% and 75%, respectively, in the "clinically cholesteatoma" group and 0% and 100% in the "clinically no cholesteatoma" group. Non-EPI DW MRI had a positive predictive value of 98.5% when cholesteatoma was suspected clinically and a negative predictive value of 84.6% when cholesteatoma was not suspected clinically.
CONCLUSION::
If cholesteatoma is suspected clinically, non-EPI DW MRI is not necessary. If there is no clinical suspicion of cholesteatoma in second-look situations, sensitivity is low and serial follow-up MRI with long intervals is advised.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Otorhinolaryngology, General Medicine, MRI; cholesteatoma; clinical evaluation; clinical examination; diffusion-weighted; recidivism; recurrence; residual; second look
Language:English
Date:1 December 2018
Deposited On:22 Feb 2019 14:15
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:17
Publisher:Sage Publications Ltd.
ISSN:0003-4894
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0003489418800833
PubMed ID:30244591

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