Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Aortopexy for the treatment of tracheobronchomalacia in 100 children: a 10-year single-centre experience


Rijnberg, Friso M; Butler, Colin R; Bieli, Christian; Kumar, Sonia; Nouraei, Reza; Asto, Joshua; McKavanagh, Eimear; de Coppi, Paolo; Muthialu, Nagarajan; Elliott, Martin J; Hewitt, Richard J (2018). Aortopexy for the treatment of tracheobronchomalacia in 100 children: a 10-year single-centre experience. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 54(3):585-592.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
Our study describes and analyses the results from aortopexy for the treatment of airway malacia in children.

METHODS
Demographic data, characteristics and preoperative, operative and outcome details, including the need for reintervention, were collected for children undergoing aortopexy between 2006 and 2016.

RESULTS
One hundred patients [median age 8.2 months, interquartile range (IQR) 3.3-26.0 months] underwent aortopexy. Sixty-four (64%) patients had tracheomalacia (TM) only, 24 (24%) patients had TM extending into their bronchus (tracheobronchomalacia) and 11 (11%) patients had bronchomalacia. Forty-one (41%) children had gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, of which 17 (41%) children underwent a Nissen fundoplication. Twenty-eight (28%) children underwent a tracheo-oesophageal fistula repair prior to aortopexy (median 5.7 months, IQR 2.9-17.6 months). The median duration of follow-up was 5.3 years (IQR 2.9-7.5 years). Thirty-five (35%) patients were on mechanical ventilatory support before aortopexy. Twenty-seven (77%) patients could be safely weaned from ventilator support during the same admission after aortopexy (median 2 days, IQR 0-3 days). Fourteen patients required reintervention. Overall mortality was 16%. Multivariable analysis revealed preoperative ventilation (P = 0.004) and bronchial involvement (P = 0.004) to be adverse predictors of survival. Only bronchial involvement was a predictor for reintervention (P = 0.012).

CONCLUSIONS
Aortopexy appears to be an effective procedure in the treatment of children with severe airway malacia. Bronchial involvement is associated with adverse outcome, and other procedures could be more suitable. For the treatment of severe airway malacia with isolated airway compression, we currently recommend aortopexy to be considered.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
Our study describes and analyses the results from aortopexy for the treatment of airway malacia in children.

METHODS
Demographic data, characteristics and preoperative, operative and outcome details, including the need for reintervention, were collected for children undergoing aortopexy between 2006 and 2016.

RESULTS
One hundred patients [median age 8.2 months, interquartile range (IQR) 3.3-26.0 months] underwent aortopexy. Sixty-four (64%) patients had tracheomalacia (TM) only, 24 (24%) patients had TM extending into their bronchus (tracheobronchomalacia) and 11 (11%) patients had bronchomalacia. Forty-one (41%) children had gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, of which 17 (41%) children underwent a Nissen fundoplication. Twenty-eight (28%) children underwent a tracheo-oesophageal fistula repair prior to aortopexy (median 5.7 months, IQR 2.9-17.6 months). The median duration of follow-up was 5.3 years (IQR 2.9-7.5 years). Thirty-five (35%) patients were on mechanical ventilatory support before aortopexy. Twenty-seven (77%) patients could be safely weaned from ventilator support during the same admission after aortopexy (median 2 days, IQR 0-3 days). Fourteen patients required reintervention. Overall mortality was 16%. Multivariable analysis revealed preoperative ventilation (P = 0.004) and bronchial involvement (P = 0.004) to be adverse predictors of survival. Only bronchial involvement was a predictor for reintervention (P = 0.012).

CONCLUSIONS
Aortopexy appears to be an effective procedure in the treatment of children with severe airway malacia. Bronchial involvement is associated with adverse outcome, and other procedures could be more suitable. For the treatment of severe airway malacia with isolated airway compression, we currently recommend aortopexy to be considered.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
3 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 September 2018
Deposited On:30 Jan 2019 11:27
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:17
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy076
PubMed ID:29514258

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library