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Antiquitin Deficiency with Adolescent Onset Epilepsy: Molecular Diagnosis in a Mother of Affected Offsprings


Srinivasaraghavan, Rangan; Parameswaran, Narayanan; Mathis, Deborah; Bürer, Celine; Plecko, Barbara (2018). Antiquitin Deficiency with Adolescent Onset Epilepsy: Molecular Diagnosis in a Mother of Affected Offsprings. Neuropediatrics, 49(2):154-157.

Abstract

Antiquitin deficiency is the most prevalent form of pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. While most patients present with neonatal onset of therapy-resistant seizures, a few cases with late-onset during infancy have been described. Here, we describe the juvenile onset of epilepsy at the age of 17 years due to antiquitin deficiency in an Indian female with homozygosity for the most prevalent ALDH7A1 missense mutation, c.1279G > C; p.Glu427Gln in exon 14. The diagnosis was established along familial cosegregation analysis for an affected offspring, that had neonatal pyridoxine responsive seizures and had been found to be compound heterozygous for c.1279G > C; p.Glu427Gln in exon 14 and a nonsense mutation c.796C > T; p.Arg266* in exon 9. While seizures in the mother had been incompletely controlled by levetiracetam, she remained seizure-free on pyridoxine monotherapy, 200 mg/day. Her fourth pregnancy resulted in a female affected offspring, who was treated prospectively and never developed seizures with a normal outcome at age 2 years while on pyridoxine. This report illustrates that the phenotypic spectrum of antiquitin deficiency is still underestimated and that this treatable inborn error of metabolism has to be considered in case of therapy-resistant seizures even at older age. It furthermore supports prospective in utero treatment with pyridoxine in forthcoming pregnancies at risk.

Abstract

Antiquitin deficiency is the most prevalent form of pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. While most patients present with neonatal onset of therapy-resistant seizures, a few cases with late-onset during infancy have been described. Here, we describe the juvenile onset of epilepsy at the age of 17 years due to antiquitin deficiency in an Indian female with homozygosity for the most prevalent ALDH7A1 missense mutation, c.1279G > C; p.Glu427Gln in exon 14. The diagnosis was established along familial cosegregation analysis for an affected offspring, that had neonatal pyridoxine responsive seizures and had been found to be compound heterozygous for c.1279G > C; p.Glu427Gln in exon 14 and a nonsense mutation c.796C > T; p.Arg266* in exon 9. While seizures in the mother had been incompletely controlled by levetiracetam, she remained seizure-free on pyridoxine monotherapy, 200 mg/day. Her fourth pregnancy resulted in a female affected offspring, who was treated prospectively and never developed seizures with a normal outcome at age 2 years while on pyridoxine. This report illustrates that the phenotypic spectrum of antiquitin deficiency is still underestimated and that this treatable inborn error of metabolism has to be considered in case of therapy-resistant seizures even at older age. It furthermore supports prospective in utero treatment with pyridoxine in forthcoming pregnancies at risk.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:April 2018
Deposited On:30 Jan 2019 11:08
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 09:42
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0174-304X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1621721
PubMed ID:29401530

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