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Engineering the free world: the emergence of the OECD as an actor in education policy 1957–1972


Bürgi, Regula (2018). Engineering the free world: the emergence of the OECD as an actor in education policy 1957–1972. In: Leimgruber, Matthieu; Schmelzer, Matthias. The OECD and the International Political Economy Since 1948. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 285-309.

Abstract

This chapter analyzes the OECDs emerging role in education policy and retraces the early history of the Center for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), which has become highly influential through the launch of the famous Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). It argues that the OECD’s engagement in education policy was driven by a network of technocrats aiming to produce the “right kind of people,” or engineering the West. Paradoxically, the failure of this quantitative planning project opened the doors for the OECD to get involved with more qualitative aspects of education planning. Catalyzed by the United States, and in particular the Ford Foundation, goal-oriented sciences were used by the OECD as governing means, allowing an organization that lacked binding policy instruments to professionalize its soft-law governance.

Abstract

This chapter analyzes the OECDs emerging role in education policy and retraces the early history of the Center for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI), which has become highly influential through the launch of the famous Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). It argues that the OECD’s engagement in education policy was driven by a network of technocrats aiming to produce the “right kind of people,” or engineering the West. Paradoxically, the failure of this quantitative planning project opened the doors for the OECD to get involved with more qualitative aspects of education planning. Catalyzed by the United States, and in particular the Ford Foundation, goal-oriented sciences were used by the OECD as governing means, allowing an organization that lacked binding policy instruments to professionalize its soft-law governance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > General Arts and Humanities
Social Sciences & Humanities > General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Social Sciences & Humanities > General Business, Management and Accounting
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:04 Feb 2019 08:15
Last Modified:02 Mar 2024 04:36
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN:978-3-319-60242-4
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60243-1_12
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